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Tire Repairers and Changers
SOC Code: 49-3093.00

Repair and replace tires.

Sample of reported job titles: Alignment Technician, Lube Technician, Service Technician, Tire Buster, Tire Center Supervisor, Tire Changer, Tire Installer, Tire Repairer, Tire Shop Mechanic, Tire Technician


  • Raise vehicles, using hydraulic jacks.
  • Remount wheels onto vehicles.
  • Unbolt and remove wheels from vehicles, using lug wrenches or other hand or power tools.
  • Place wheels on balancing machines to determine counterweights required to balance wheels.
  • Identify tire size and ply and inflate tires accordingly.
  • Replace valve stems and remove puncturing objects.
  • Hammer required counterweights onto rims of wheels.
  • Reassemble tires onto wheels.
  • Seal punctures in tubeless tires by inserting adhesive material and expanding rubber plugs into punctures, using hand tools.
  • Inspect tire casings for defects, such as holes or tears.
  • Locate punctures in tubeless tires by visual inspection or by immersing inflated tires in water baths and observing air bubbles.
  • Glue tire patches over ruptures in tire casings, using rubber cement.
  • Assist mechanics and perform various mechanical duties, such as changing oil or checking and replacing batteries.
  • Rotate tires to different positions on vehicles, using hand tools.
  • Clean and tidy up the shop.
  • Buff defective areas of inner tubes, using scrapers.
  • Order replacements for tires or tubes.
  • Separate tubed tires from wheels, using rubber mallets and metal bars or mechanical tire changers.
  • Inflate inner tubes and immerse them in water to locate leaks.
  • Clean sides of whitewall tires.
  • Roll new rubber treads, known as camelbacks, over tire casings and mold the semi-raw rubber treads onto the buffed casings.
  • Prepare rims and wheel drums for reassembly by scraping, grinding, or sandblasting.
  • Apply rubber cement to buffed tire casings prior to vulcanization process.
  • Patch tubes with adhesive rubber patches or seal rubber patches to tubes, using hot vulcanizing plates.
  • Place tire casings and tread rubber assemblies in tire molds for the vulcanization process and exert pressure to ensure good adhesion.
  • Drive automobile or service trucks to industrial sites to provide services or respond to emergency calls.

Technology Skills

  • Accounting software
  • Data base user interface and query software - Recordkeeping software
  • Project management software - Project estimation software
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Adhesive rollers - Hand rollers for adhesives
  • Air bags for loading - Air/steam bags
  • Awls - Heavy duty awls; Pricking awls; Tire probing awls
  • Compressed air gun - Air spray guns; Tire plug guns
  • Deburring tool - Deburring tools
  • Desktop computers
  • Engine or vehicle stands - Tire stands
  • Expanders - Bead expanders; Power tire spreaders
  • Extruders - Handheld extruders
  • Hammers - Tire hammers
  • Hand reamer - Heavy duty T-handle reamers; Tire reamers
  • Hand sprayers - Airless spray guns; Rubber patch guns
  • Heater elements - Electric knife heaters
  • Height gauges - Tire tread depth gauges
  • Hoists - Power hoists
  • Hold down clamps - Holding clamps
  • Hydraulic pumps
  • Insertion tool - Heavy duty T-handle spiral probe cement tools; Insertion tools
  • Jacks - Hydraulic jacks
  • Knife blades - Cutting blades
  • Mallets - Tire knockers
  • Personal computers
  • Pneumatic drill - Air drills
  • Pneumatic impact wrenches - Pneumatic wrenches
  • Power buffers - Buffers
  • Power grinders
  • Power routers - Regroovers
  • Protective gloves - Safety gloves
  • Pry bars - Bead seaters; Tire irons; Truck tire spoons
  • Pullers - Hub-cap pullers
  • Rasps - Hand rasps; Stickleback rasps
  • Razor knives - Bail cutting knives; Curved-point scalpel knives; Taper point knives; Thermocutters (see all 10 examples)
  • Respirators
  • Retaining ring pliers - Truck lock ring removers
  • Rubber or plastic presses - Mold presses
  • Safety glasses - Eye protection
  • Safety shoes
  • Scrapers - Inner-liner scrapers
  • Shears - Scissors; Trimmer shears
  • Specialty wrenches - 4-way tire valve tools
  • Tire changing machines - Mechanical tire changers; Rim clamp tire changers
  • Torque wrenches
  • Utility knives
  • Vulcanizing machines - Hot vulcanizing plates
  • Wedges - Bead breakers; Duck-billed bead-breaking wedges
  • Wheel balancing equipment - Balancing machines; Computerized tire/wheel balancing equipment
  • Wheel nut or lug wrench - Lug wrenches
  • Wire brushes
  • Workshop cranes


  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Sales and Marketing - Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.


  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.


  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Extent Flexibility - The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.


  • Interest code: RC
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 89% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 83% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled - 89% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 73% responded “Every day.”
  • Contact With Others - 74% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 64% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 64% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 75% responded “Every day.”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures - 65% responded “Every day.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 48% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Time Pressure - 77% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 69% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 56% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 66% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 41% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running - 51% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Telephone - 60% responded “Every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 41% responded “Very important results.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 55% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 67% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling - 52% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 57% responded “Every day.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 42% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 64% responded “Every day.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 44% responded “Extremely important.”
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment - 59% responded “Every day.”
  • Consequence of Error - 48% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 32% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 43% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Physical Proximity - 33% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions - 39% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 43% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 36% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions - 48% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 28% responded “Every day.”
  • Level of Competition - 37% responded “Extremely competitive.”


Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
41%High school diploma or equivalent
27%Less than high school diploma
26%Post-secondary certificate

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $12.84 hourly, $26,710 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 112,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Little or no change (-1% to 1%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 13,800

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