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Teacher Assistants
SOC Code: 25-9041.00

Perform duties that are instructional in nature or deliver direct services to students or parents. Serve in a position for which a teacher has ultimate responsibility for the design and implementation of educational programs and services.

Sample of reported job titles: Educational Assistant, Instructional Assistant, Paraeducator, Paraprofessional, Special Education Aide, Special Education Paraprofessional, Special Education Teacher Assistant, Teacher Aide, Teacher Assistant, Teaching Assistant


  • Tutor and assist children individually or in small groups to help them master assignments and to reinforce learning concepts presented by teachers.
  • Teach social skills to students.
  • Supervise students in classrooms, halls, cafeterias, school yards, and gymnasiums, or on field trips.
  • Provide extra assistance to students with special needs.
  • Observe students' performance, and record relevant data to assess progress.
  • Enforce administration policies and rules governing students.
  • Present subject matter to students under the direction and guidance of teachers, using lectures, discussions, or supervised role-playing methods.
  • Instruct and monitor students in the use and care of equipment and materials to prevent injuries and damage.
  • Discuss assigned duties with classroom teachers to coordinate instructional efforts.
  • Organize and supervise games and other recreational activities to promote physical, mental, and social development.
  • Distribute tests and homework assignments and collect them when they are completed.
  • Distribute teaching materials, such as textbooks, workbooks, papers, and pencils to students.
  • Clean classrooms.
  • Organize and label materials and display students' work in a manner appropriate for their eye levels and perceptual skills.
  • Prepare lesson materials, bulletin board displays, exhibits, equipment, and demonstrations.
  • Requisition and stock teaching materials and supplies.
  • Type, file, and duplicate materials.
  • Attend staff meetings and serve on committees, as required.
  • Carry out therapeutic regimens, such as behavior modification and personal development programs, under the supervision of special education instructors, psychologists, or speech-language pathologists.
  • Assist in bus loading and unloading.
  • Participate in teacher-parent conferences regarding students' progress or problems.
  • Provide disabled students with assistive devices, supportive technology, and assistance accessing facilities, such as restrooms.
  • Collect money from students for school-related projects.
  • Prepare lesson outlines and plans in assigned subject areas and submit outlines to teachers for review.
  • Grade homework and tests, and compute and record results, using answer sheets or electronic marking devices.
  • Use computers, audio-visual aids, and other equipment and materials to supplement presentations.
  • Maintain computers in classrooms and laboratories and assist students with hardware and software use.
  • Take class attendance and maintain attendance records.
  • Operate and maintain audio-visual equipment.
  • Monitor classroom viewing of live or recorded courses transmitted by communication satellites.
  • Conduct demonstrations to teach skills, such as sports, dancing, and handicrafts.
  • Plan, prepare, and develop various teaching aids, such as bibliographies, charts, and graphs.
  • Assist librarians in school libraries.

Technology Skills

  • Calendar and scheduling software - High School Scheduling and Transcript HSST
  • Computer based training software - Children's educational software; Text to speech software
  • Data base user interface and query software - Automate the Schools ATS; Blackboard ; Data entry software ; Special Education Student Information System SESIS (see all 5 examples)
  • Device drivers or system software - Screen magnification software; Screen reader software
  • Electronic mail software - Email software
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Spell checkers - Hand held spell checkers
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Adaptive communication switches for the physically challenged - Jellybean switches; Sound switches
  • Balance or gross motor equipment - Play structures
  • Board games - Educational board games
  • Braille devices for the physically challenged - Braille slates; Braille styluses
  • Building blocks - Toy block sets
  • Cassette players or recorders - Audio tape recorders or players
  • Childrens science kits - Science activity kits
  • Compact disk players or recorders - Compact disk CD players
  • Computer mouse or trackballs - Eye controlled computer mouse equipment; Foot operated mouse equipment; Trackballs
  • Desktop calculator - Talking calculators
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras - Digital video cameras
  • Digital video disk players or recorders - Digital video disk DVD players
  • Emergency medical services first aid kits - Emergency first aid kits
  • Enteral feeding administration sets - Enteral feeding equipment
  • Game pads or joy sticks - Head operated joysticks; Mouth operated joysticks
  • Intercom systems
  • Keyboards - Alternative computer keyboards
  • Laminators - Laminating equipment
  • Laser printers - Computer laser printers
  • Letter or symbol boards for the physically challenged - Communication boards
  • Liquid crystal display projector - Liquid crystal display LCD projectors
  • Medical gas cylinders or related devices - Portable oxygen equipment
  • Medical suction cannulas or tubes or accessories - Oral suction tubes
  • Microphones
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Overhead projectors
  • Page turners for the physically challenged - Page turners
  • Personal computers
  • Sand or water tables or activity centers - Sand tables; Water tables
  • Scanners - Data input scanners; Reading pens
  • Tactile toys - Pegboards
  • Telecommunication devices TDD or teletypewriters TTY for the physically challenged - Teletypewriters TTY
  • Televisions - Television monitors
  • Touch screen monitors - Interactive whiteboards; Wireless touch screen monitors
  • Video cassette players or recorders - Video cassette recorders VCR
  • Visual presenters - Video magnifiers
  • Voice synthesizers for the physically challenged - Portable communication devices
  • Wheelchairs
  • Writing aids for the physically challenged - Word prediction software


  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.


  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.


  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.


  • Interest code: SC
    • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Contact With Others - 81% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 83% responded “Every day.”
  • Physical Proximity - 61% responded “Very close (near touching).”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 56% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 81% responded “Every day.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 38% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Electronic Mail - 48% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 36% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 39% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running - 30% responded “Less than half the time.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 36% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 41% responded “Every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 25% responded “Very important results.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 33% responded “Important.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 27% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 30% responded “Not important at all.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 24% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 38% responded “Never.”

Work Styles

  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Work Values

  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $26,260 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 1,308,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Average (5% to 9%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 147,900

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