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Reporters and Correspondents
SOC Code: 27-3022.00

Collect and analyze facts about newsworthy events by interview, investigation, or observation. Report and write stories for newspaper, news magazine, radio, or television.

Sample of reported job titles: Anchor, General Assignment Reporter, News Director, News Reporter, Reporter, Sports Writer, Staff Writer, Television News Anchor (TV News Anchor), Television News Reporter, Television Reporter (TV Reporter)

Tasks

  • Receive assignments or evaluate leads or tips to develop story ideas.
  • Research a story's background information to provide complete and accurate information.
  • Arrange interviews with people who can provide information about a story.
  • Establish and maintain relationships with individuals who are credible sources of information.
  • Report news stories for publication or broadcast, describing the background and details of events.
  • Gather information about events through research, interviews, experience, or attendance at political, news, sports, artistic, social, or other functions.
  • Revise work to meet editorial approval or to fit time or space requirements.
  • Review and evaluate notes taken about news events to isolate pertinent facts and details.
  • Investigate breaking news developments, such as disasters, crimes, or human-interest stories.
  • Review written, audio, or video copy and correct errors in content, grammar, or punctuation, following prescribed editorial style and formatting guidelines.
  • Report on specialized fields such as medicine, green technology, environmental issues, science, politics, sports, arts, consumer affairs, business, religion, crime, or education.
  • Determine a published or broadcasted story's emphasis, length, and format and organize material accordingly.
  • Transmit news stories or reporting information from remote locations, using equipment such as satellite phones, telephones, fax machines, or modems.
  • Check reference materials, such as books, news files, or public records, to obtain relevant facts.
  • Discuss issues with editors to establish priorities or positions.
  • Photograph or videotape news events.
  • Take pictures or video and process them for inclusion in a story.
  • Present live or recorded commentary via broadcast media.
  • Conduct taped or filmed interviews or narratives.
  • Develop ideas or material for columns or commentaries by analyzing and interpreting news, current issues, or personal experiences.
  • Communicate with readers, viewers, advertisers, or the general public via mail, email, or telephone.
  • Write online blog entries that address news developments or offer additional information, opinions, or commentary on news events.
  • Assign stories to other reporters or duties to production staff.
  • Write columns, editorials, commentaries, or reviews that interpret events or offer opinions.
  • Edit or assist in editing videos for broadcast.

Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software - IBM SPSS Statistics ; Statistical analysis software
  • Data base user interface and query software - FileMaker Pro; Microsoft Access ; Microsoft SQL Server ; Online databases
  • Desktop publishing software - Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign ; Microsoft Publisher; Quark Xpress
  • Information retrieval or search software - LexisNexis
  • Instant messaging software - Twitter
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Map creation software - ESRI ArcView; Mapping software
  • Object oriented data base management software - Microsoft Visual FoxPro
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Video creation and editing software - Adobe Systems Adobe AfterEffects ; Apple Final Cut Pro ; Video editing software; YouTube
  • Web page creation and editing software - Facebook ; Social media software
  • Web platform development software - Hypertext markup language HTML
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Desktop computers
  • Digital audio workstation DAW - Digital audio workstations
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras - High definition HD video cameras; Television cameras
  • Digital cameras - Compact digital cameras
  • Laser fax machine - Laser facsimile machines
  • Microphones
  • Mobile phones - Satellite phones
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Satellite core equipment - Mobile broadcast units
  • Special purpose telephones - Multi-line telephone systems
  • Video editors - Video editing equipment

Knowledge

  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Telecommunications - Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

Skills

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.

Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.

Interests

  • Interest code: AEI
    • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
    • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Work Context

  • Time Pressure - 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Electronic Mail - 95% responded “Every day.”
  • Telephone - 95% responded “Every day.”
  • Contact With Others - 77% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 73% responded “Every day.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 59% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 73% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 82% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 59% responded “Every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 59% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 41% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 45% responded “Very important results.”
  • Level of Competition - 50% responded “Highly competitive.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 55% responded “More than half the time.”
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment - 32% responded “Every day.”
  • Letters and Memos - 33% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 36% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 32% responded “Very important.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 41% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Physical Proximity - 50% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 23% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Consequence of Error - 23% responded “Very serious.”
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather - 27% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 23% responded “More than half the time.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
82%Bachelor's degree
5%Some college, no degree
5%Associate's degree

Work Styles

  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Work Values

  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Recognition - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $18.93 hourly, $39,370 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 45,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Decline (-2% or lower)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 3,700

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