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Occupation Information
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Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials
SOC Code: 51-6021.00

Press or shape articles by hand or machine.

Sample of reported job titles: Boarder, Dry Cleaner Presser, Garment Presser, Ironing Machine Operator, Ironing Worker, Pants Presser, Presser, Pressing Machine Operator, Shirt Presser, Silk Presser

Tasks

  • Hang, fold, package, and tag finished articles for delivery to customers.
  • Operate steam, hydraulic, or other pressing machines to remove wrinkles from garments and flatwork items, or to shape, form, or patch articles.
  • Straighten, smooth, or shape materials to prepare them for pressing.
  • Remove finished pieces from pressing machines and hang or stack them for cooling, or forward them for additional processing.
  • Finish pleated garments, determining sizes of pleats from evidence of old pleats or from work orders, using machine presses or hand irons.
  • Lower irons, rams, or pressing heads of machines into position over material to be pressed.
  • Identify and treat spots on garments.
  • Shrink, stretch, or block articles by hand to conform to original measurements, using forms, blocks, and steam.
  • Finish fancy garments such as evening gowns and costumes, using hand irons to produce high quality finishes.
  • Push and pull irons over surfaces of articles to smooth or shape them.
  • Finish pants, jackets, shirts, skirts and other dry-cleaned and laundered articles, using hand irons.
  • Slide material back and forth over heated, metal, ball-shaped forms to smooth and press portions of garments that cannot be satisfactorily pressed with flat pressers or hand irons.
  • Select appropriate pressing machines, based on garment properties such as heat tolerance.
  • Spray water over fabric to soften fibers when not using steam irons.
  • Position materials such as cloth garments, felt, or straw on tables, dies, or feeding mechanisms of pressing machines, or on ironing boards or work tables.
  • Moisten materials to soften and smooth them.
  • Clean and maintain pressing machines, using cleaning solutions and lubricants.
  • Press ties on small pressing machines.
  • Block or shape knitted garments after cleaning.
  • Activate and adjust machine controls to regulate temperature and pressure of rollers, ironing shoes, or plates, according to specifications.
  • Use covering cloths to prevent equipment from damaging delicate fabrics.
  • Examine and measure finished articles to verify conformance to standards, using measuring devices such as tape measures and micrometers.
  • Finish velvet garments by steaming them on bucks of hot-head presses or steam tables, and brushing pile (nap) with handbrushes.
  • Measure fabric to specifications, cut uneven edges with shears, fold material, and press it with an iron to form a heading.
  • Insert heated metal forms into ties and touch up rough places with hand irons.
  • Brush materials made of suede, leather, or felt to remove spots or to raise and smooth naps.
  • Sew ends of new material to leaders or to ends of material in pressing machines, using sewing machines.
  • Select, install, and adjust machine components, including pressing forms, rollers, and guides, using hoists and hand tools.

Technology Skills

  • Electronic mail software - Email software
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Adjustable wrenches - Adjustable hand wrenches
  • Clothing hangers - Multipurpose hangers
  • Domestic clothing irons - Hand irons
  • Garment brushes - Fabric cleaning brushes
  • Hammers - Multipurpose hammers
  • Hand sprayers - Handheld sprayers
  • Hoists
  • Ironing boards - Heavy duty ironing boards
  • Ironing machines or presses - Flat pressers; Hot-head presses; Puff irons; Small pressing machines (see all 6 examples)
  • Laundry type combined washing or drying machines - Tunnel presses
  • Micrometers - Digital micrometers
  • Personal computers
  • Rulers - Measuring gauges
  • Screwdrivers - Multipurpose screwdrivers
  • Sewing machines - Industrial sewing machines
  • Shears - Electric fabric cutters; Fabric shears
  • Slip joint pliers
  • Steam pressing machines - Steam fabric pressing machines; Steam tables
  • Straight edges - Guides
  • Tape measures - Measuring tapes

Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

Skills

  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.

Abilities

  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Reaction Time - The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.

Interests

  • Interest code: RC
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Spend Time Standing - 57% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 64% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment - 52% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 40% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 23% responded “Limited freedom.”
  • Time Pressure - 58% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 53% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 49% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 35% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Contact With Others - 45% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 39% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Level of Competition - 61% responded “Highly competitive.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 34% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 43% responded “Every day.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
59%Less than high school diploma
26%High school diploma or equivalent
14%Doctoral degree

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Work Values

  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $10.79 hourly, $22,440 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 45,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Decline (-2% or lower)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 5,200

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