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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Physicians
SOC Code: 29-1069.08

Diagnose and treat disorders requiring physiotherapy to provide physical, mental, and occupational rehabilitation.

Sample of reported job titles: Attending Physiatrist, Residency Program Director; Attending Physician; Doctor of Medicine/Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation PM&R Specialist; Medical Director; Medical Director Acute Rehabilitation Unit Physiatrist; Pain Management Physician; Pediatric Physiatrist; Physiatrist; Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Physician, Medical Director; Rehabilitation Physician

Tasks

  • Document examination results, treatment plans, and patients' outcomes.
  • Examine patients to assess mobility, strength, communication, or cognition.
  • Assess characteristics of patients' pain such as intensity, location, or duration using standardized clinical measures.
  • Provide inpatient or outpatient medical management of neuromuscular disorders, musculoskeletal trauma, acute and chronic pain, deformity or amputation, cardiac or pulmonary disease, or other disabling conditions.
  • Monitor effectiveness of pain management interventions such as medication or spinal injections.
  • Develop comprehensive plans for immediate and long-term rehabilitation including therapeutic exercise; speech and occupational therapy; counseling; cognitive retraining; patient, family or caregiver education; or community reintegration.
  • Coordinate physical medicine and rehabilitation services with other medical activities.
  • Perform electrodiagnosis including electromyography, nerve conduction studies, or somatosensory evoked potentials of neuromuscular disorders or damage.
  • Prescribe physical therapy to relax the muscles and improve strength.
  • Consult or coordinate with other rehabilitative professionals including physical and occupational therapists, rehabilitation nurses, speech pathologists, neuropsychologists, behavioral psychologists, social workers, or medical technicians.
  • Prescribe therapy services, such as electrotherapy, ultrasonography, heat or cold therapy, hydrotherapy, debridement, short-wave or microwave diathermy, and infrared or ultraviolet radiation, to enhance rehabilitation.
  • Instruct interns and residents in the diagnosis and treatment of temporary or permanent physically disabling conditions.
  • Diagnose or treat performance-related conditions such as sports injuries or repetitive motion injuries.
  • Prescribe orthotic and prosthetic applications and adaptive equipment, such as wheelchairs, bracing, or communication devices, to maximize patient function and self-sufficiency.
  • Conduct physical tests such as functional capacity evaluations to determine injured workers' capabilities to perform the physical demands of their jobs.

Technology Skills

  • Electronic mail software - Email software
  • Medical software - Biodex Medical Systems Biodex Concussion Manager; Bizmatics PrognoCIS EMR; GE Healthcare Centricity Practice Solution; Greenway Medical Technologies PrimeSUITE (see all 24 examples)
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles - Automated external defibrillators AED
  • Balance beams or boards or bolsters or rockers for rehabilitation or therapy - Balance trainers
  • Climbing devices for rehabilitation or therapy - Agility ladders
  • Desktop computers
  • Electromyographs - Electromyographs EMG
  • Electrotherapy combination units - Iontophoresis equipment; Multipurpose electrotherapy units
  • Epidural anesthesia kit or tray - Epidural injection syringes
  • Exercise trampolines - Plyometric rebounders
  • Full body immersion hydrotherapy baths or tanks - Whirlpool baths
  • Implantable intrathecal infusion pump and accessories - Intrathecal pumps
  • Knee brace or support - Knee braces
  • Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory - Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Medical dynamometer - Hand dynamometers
  • Medical radiology and fluoroscopy RF equipment - Fluoroscopes
  • Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use - Musculoskeletal ultrasound equipment
  • Mercury blood pressure units - Sphygmomanometers
  • Neuromuscular stimulators or kits - Neuromuscular electrical stimulation NMES equipment
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Orthopedic splint systems - Orthopedic splints
  • Orthotics or foot care products - Custom orthotics
  • Pedal exercisers for rehabilitation or therapy - Chair cycles; Ellipticals; Folding pedal exercisers
  • Pulleys or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy - Shoulder pulleys
  • Pulse oximeter units - Pulse oximeters
  • Resistive exercise bands or putty or tubing or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy - Exercise bands
  • Short wave diathermy units - Therapeutic diathermy machines
  • Tablet computers
  • Therapeutic balls or accessories - Exercise balls
  • Therapeutic heating or cooling pads or compresses or packs - Cold therapy equipment; Heat therapy equipment
  • Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation units - Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment
  • Treadmill exercisers for rehabilitation or therapy - Therapeutic treadmills
  • Ultrasonic therapy apparatus or supplies - Therapeutic ultrasound equipment
  • Wrist exercisers for rehabilitation or therapy - Finger ladders

Knowledge

  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
  • Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Skills

  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  • Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Speed of Closure - The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.

Interests

  • Interest code: ISR
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
    • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Work Context

  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 91% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 84% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 83% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Electronic Mail - 81% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 89% responded “Every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 80% responded “Very important results.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 82% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 91% responded “Every day.”
  • Contact With Others - 69% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Physical Proximity - 69% responded “Very close (near touching).”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 71% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 73% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections - 69% responded “Every day.”
  • Telephone - 73% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 75% responded “Every day.”
  • Letters and Memos - 59% responded “Every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 69% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Consequence of Error - 54% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 53% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Time Pressure - 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 41% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Level of Competition - 35% responded “Highly competitive.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 49% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 36% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 47% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 33% responded “About half the time.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 34% responded “Very important.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 37% responded “Less than half the time.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
55%Doctoral degree
43%Post-doctoral training
1%Bachelor's degree

Work Styles

  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Work Values

  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Recognition - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $100.00+ hourly, $208,000+ annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 372,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Faster than average (10% to 14%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 14,300

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