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Occupation Information

SOC Code: 47-2121.00

Install glass in windows, skylights, store fronts, and display cases, or on surfaces, such as building fronts, interior walls, ceilings, and tabletops.

Sample of reported job titles: Automobile Glass Technician, Commercial Glazier, Foreman, Glass Installer, Glass Technician, Glazer, Glazier, Glazing Superintendent, Journeyman Glazier, Master Glazier


  • Fabricate or install metal sashes or moldings for glass installation, using aluminum or steel framing.
  • Determine plumb of walls or ceilings, using plumb lines and levels.
  • Fasten glass panes into wood sashes or frames with clips, points, or moldings, adding weather seals or putty around pane edges to seal joints.
  • Prepare glass for cutting by resting it on rack edges or against cutting tables and brushing thin layer of oil along cutting lines or dipping cutting tools in oil.
  • Cut, fit, install, repair, or replace glass or glass substitutes, such as plastic or aluminum, in building interiors or exteriors or in furniture or other products.
  • Grind or polish glass, smoothing edges when necessary.
  • Measure and mark outlines or patterns on glass to indicate cutting lines.
  • Set glass doors into frames and bolt metal hinges, handles, locks, or other hardware to attach doors to frames and walls.
  • Install pre-assembled metal or wood frameworks for windows or doors to be fitted with glass panels, using hand tools.
  • Read and interpret blueprints or specifications to determine size, shape, color, type, or thickness of glass, location of framing, installation procedures, or staging or scaffolding materials required.
  • Drive trucks to installation sites and unload mirrors, glass equipment, or tools.
  • Measure mirrors and dimensions of areas to be covered to determine work procedures.
  • Move furniture to clear work sites and cover floors or furnishings with drop cloths.
  • Cut, assemble, fit, or attach metal-framed glass enclosures for showers, bathtubs, display cases, skylights, solariums, or other structures.
  • Load and arrange glass or mirrors onto delivery trucks, using suction cups or cranes to lift glass.
  • Pack spaces between moldings and glass with glazing compounds and trim excess material with glazing knives.
  • Cut and remove broken glass prior to installing replacement glass.
  • Score glass with cutters' wheels, breaking off excess glass by hand or with notched tools.
  • Secure mirrors in position, using mastic cement, putty, bolts, or screws.
  • Assemble, erect, or dismantle scaffolds, rigging, or hoisting equipment.
  • Cut and attach mounting strips, metal or wood moldings, rubber gaskets, or metal clips to surfaces in preparation for mirror installation.
  • Confer with customers to determine project requirements or to provide cost estimates.
  • Select the type or color of glass or mirror according to specifications.
  • Operate cranes or hoists with suction cups to lift large, heavy pieces of glass.
  • Create patterns on glass by etching, sandblasting, or painting designs.
  • Assemble and cement sections of stained glass together.
  • Measure, cut, fit, and press anti-glare adhesive film to glass or spray glass with tinting solution to prevent light glare.

Technology Skills

  • Computer aided design CAD software - D-CALC FACADE 4000
  • Data base user interface and query software - Work order software
  • Operating system software - Microsoft Windows ; Palm OS
  • Project management software - American Glazing Software AGS WindowPricer; BidMaster
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel

Tools Used

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Bastard cut file - Bastard files
  • Below the hook device - Spreader beams
  • Bevels - Sliding bevels
  • Blow torch - Propane torches
  • Claw hammer - Claw hammers
  • Cold chisels
  • Countersinks
  • Demolition hammers - Power hammers
  • Desktop computers
  • Dollies - Glass dollies
  • Drilling machines - Drill presses; Glass drilling machines
  • Drum sander - Drum sanders
  • Fall protection lanyard - Safety lanyards
  • Flat hand file - Half moon files
  • Flat nose pliers - Glass pliers
  • Forklifts
  • Glass cutters - Automatic cutting tables; Notched glass-breaking tools; Side cutters; Wheel cutters
  • Goggles - Safety goggles
  • Grinding or polishing machines - Glass bevelers; Glass routers; Polishing machines; Portable air routers (see all 8 examples)
  • Hacksaw - Hacksaws
  • Hammers - Dead-blow hammers
  • Hand clamps - Glass clamps
  • Hand sprayers
  • Hard hats
  • Hex keys - Allen wrenches
  • Hoists
  • Hold down clamps - Glass holders
  • Ladders
  • Leg protectors - Shin protectors
  • Levels - Builders' levels; Laser levels; Spirit levels
  • Lifelines or lifeline equipment - Lifelines
  • Lifting hooks
  • Lifts - Glass lifters
  • Locking pliers - Duck-billed locking pliers
  • Mallets
  • Manlift or personnel lift - Bosun chairs; Swing stages
  • Metal cutters - Aviation snips; Metal cutting shears
  • Mill saw file - Single-cut mill saw files
  • Milling machines
  • Nibblers
  • Nut drivers
  • Open end wrenches
  • Platform lift - Platform lifts; Self-propelled elevated work platforms
  • Plumb bobs
  • Pneumatic sanding machines - Sandblasters
  • Point drivers or accessories for picture frames - Point drivers
  • Power drills - Cordless drills; Electric drills
  • Power grinders - Bench grinders; Grinding tools
  • Power sanders - Portable belt sanders; Upright belt sanders
  • Power saws - Cutoff saws; Glass saws; Reciprocating saws; Saber saws (see all 7 examples)
  • Power screwguns
  • Pressure or steam cleaners - Water blasting equipment
  • Protective aprons
  • Protective gloves - Glass gloves; Safety gloves
  • Protective shirts - Protective sleeves
  • Pry bars
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts - Center punches
  • Putty knives
  • Ratchets - Ratchet sets
  • Razor knives - Edge scrapers
  • Respirators
  • Rivet tools - Riveting tools
  • Round file - Round files
  • Rubber mallet - Rubber mallets
  • Rulers
  • Sawing machines - Power miter saws
  • Saws
  • Scaffolding
  • Screwdrivers - Flat head screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers; Robertson screwdrivers
  • Scribers - Scoring tools
  • Shackle - Shackles
  • Sheet metal pliers - Hand seamers
  • Slings
  • Soldering iron - Soldering equipment
  • Spatulas
  • Spot welding machine - Spot-welding equipment
  • Squares - Combination squares; L-squares
  • Straight edges - Straightedges
  • Suction cups - Vacuum cups
  • Tape measures - Measuring tapes; Story pole tape measures; Telescoping measuring rods
  • Tongs - Glass tongs
  • Torque wrenches
  • Track cranes - Overhead cranes
  • Triangles
  • Utility knives
  • Wood chisels


  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.


  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.


  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.


  • Interest code: RC
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 92% responded “Every day.”
  • Telephone - 90% responded “Every day.”
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather - 79% responded “Every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 78% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 58% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Contact With Others - 58% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 59% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 54% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 54% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 69% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 61% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled - 58% responded “Every day.”
  • Time Pressure - 39% responded “Every day.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 46% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 49% responded “Every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 57% responded “Important results.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 35% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 63% responded “Very important.”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures - 39% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 47% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to High Places - 59% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 16% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 17% responded “Never.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 61% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Outdoors, Under Cover - 56% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Consequence of Error - 31% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Physical Proximity - 61% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Deal With External Customers - 39% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 33% responded “Every day.”
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting - 30% responded “Every day.”
  • Level of Competition - 48% responded “Highly competitive.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 32% responded “Every day.”
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 26% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running - 55% responded “About half the time.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 67% responded “40 hours.”
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions - 25% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”


Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
60%High school diploma or equivalent
23%Less than high school diploma
18%Post-secondary certificate

Work Styles

  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Work Values

  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $20.47 hourly, $42,580 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 50,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Faster than average (10% to 14%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 6,500

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