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Wind Energy Engineers
SOC Code: 17-2199.10

Design underground or overhead wind farm collector systems and prepare and develop site specifications.

Sample of reported job titles: Project Designer, Transmission and Distribution Engineering; Project Engineer; Senior Engineer/Practice Leader-Land Development and Engineering; Senior Project Engineer; Senior Wind Energy Consultant; Turbine Measurements Engineer; Utility Engineer; Wind Farm Siting and Development Consultant; Wind Science and Planning; Wind Turbine Design Engineer

Tasks

  • Create or maintain wind farm layouts, schematics, or other visual documentation for wind farms.
  • Recommend process or infrastructure changes to improve wind turbine performance, reduce operational costs, or comply with regulations.
  • Create models to optimize the layout of wind farm access roads, crane pads, crane paths, collection systems, substations, switchyards, or transmission lines.
  • Provide engineering technical support to designers of prototype wind turbines.
  • Investigate experimental wind turbines or wind turbine technologies for properties such as aerodynamics, production, noise, and load.
  • Develop active control algorithms, electronics, software, electromechanical, or electrohydraulic systems for wind turbines.
  • Develop specifications for wind technology components, such as gearboxes, blades, generators, frequency converters, or pad transformers.
  • Test wind turbine components, using mechanical or electronic testing equipment.
  • Oversee the work activities of wind farm consultants or subcontractors.
  • Test wind turbine equipment to determine effects of stress or fatigue.
  • Monitor wind farm construction to ensure compliance with regulatory standards or environmental requirements.
  • Direct balance of plant (BOP) construction, generator installation, testing, commissioning, or supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) to ensure compliance with specifications.
  • Analyze operation of wind farms or wind farm components to determine reliability, performance, and compliance with specifications.

Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software - ANSYS; SKM Systems Analysis Power Tools; The MathWorks MATLAB ; WindSim (see all 17 examples)
  • Computer aided design CAD software - Autodesk AutoCAD ; Bentley Microstation ; Dassault Systemes SOLIDWORKS ; PTC Creo Parametric
  • Data base user interface and query software - Microsoft Access ; Structured query language SQL
  • Development environment software - Formula translation/translator FORTRAN; Microsoft Visual Basic
  • Electronic mail software - Microsoft Outlook
  • Industrial control software - Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA software
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Map creation software - ESRI ArcGIS software ; Geographic information system GIS software ; Global Mapper Software Global Mapper; Google Earth Pro (see all 5 examples)
  • Object or component oriented development software - C++ ; Microsoft Visual Basic.NET; Microsoft Visual C# .NET
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Project management software - Microsoft Project ; Oracle Primavera Systems
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Video conferencing software - Web conferencing software
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Anemometers - Cup anemometers; Propeller anemometers; Recording anemometers
  • Barometers - Barometric pressure sensors
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras - Digital video cameras
  • Digital cameras - Digital still cameras
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver - Handheld global positioning system GPS units
  • Mainframe computers
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Portable data input terminals - Dataloggers
  • Radarbased surveillance systems - Light detection and ranging LIDAR systems
  • Soil core sampling apparatus - Soil samplers
  • Solar radiation surface observing apparatus - Pyranometers
  • Temperature transmitters - Electronic temperature sensors
  • Weather stations - Portable meteorological stations
  • Wind surface observing apparatus - Sonic detection and ranging SODAR equipment; Wind vanes

Knowledge

  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

Skills

  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Operations Analysis - Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  • Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.

Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Mathematical Reasoning - The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Number Facility - The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.

Interests

  • Interest code: RIE
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
    • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Work Context

  • Electronic Mail - 92% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 60% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Telephone - 49% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 44% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 42% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 44% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 68% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 42% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 45% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 54% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Time Pressure - 41% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Contact With Others - 32% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 34% responded “Important results.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 28% responded “Very important.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Letters and Memos - 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 32% responded “Fairly important.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 34% responded “Moderate responsibility.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
70%Bachelor's degree
14%Master's degree
6%Post-baccalaureate certificate

Work Styles

  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Work Values

  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $46.75 hourly, $97,250 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 133,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Average (5% to 9%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 9,500

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