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Web Developers
SOC Code: 15-1134.00

Design, create, and modify Web sites. Analyze user needs to implement Web site content, graphics, performance, and capacity. May integrate Web sites with other computer applications. May convert written, graphic, audio, and video components to compatible Web formats by using software designed to facilitate the creation of Web and multimedia content.

Sample of reported job titles: Designer, Technology Applications Engineer, Web Architect, Web Design Specialist, Web Designer, Web Developer, Web Development Director, Web Development Instructor, Webmaster

Tasks

  • Write supporting code for Web applications or Web sites.
  • Design, build, or maintain Web sites, using authoring or scripting languages, content creation tools, management tools, and digital media.
  • Back up files from Web sites to local directories for instant recovery in case of problems.
  • Write, design, or edit Web page content, or direct others producing content.
  • Select programming languages, design tools, or applications.
  • Evaluate code to ensure that it is valid, is properly structured, meets industry standards, and is compatible with browsers, devices, or operating systems.
  • Identify problems uncovered by testing or customer feedback, and correct problems or refer problems to appropriate personnel for correction.
  • Develop databases that support Web applications and Web sites.
  • Perform Web site tests according to planned schedules, or after any Web site or product revision.
  • Perform or direct Web site updates.
  • Maintain understanding of current Web technologies or programming practices through continuing education, reading, or participation in professional conferences, workshops, or groups.
  • Analyze user needs to determine technical requirements.
  • Design and implement Web site security measures, such as firewalls or message encryption.
  • Incorporate technical considerations into Web site design plans, such as budgets, equipment, performance requirements, or legal issues including accessibility and privacy.
  • Respond to user email inquiries, or set up automated systems to send responses.
  • Renew domain name registrations.
  • Confer with management or development teams to prioritize needs, resolve conflicts, develop content criteria, or choose solutions.
  • Communicate with network personnel or Web site hosting agencies to address hardware or software issues affecting Web sites.
  • Collaborate with management or users to develop e-commerce strategies and to integrate these strategies with Web sites.
  • Document test plans, testing procedures, or test results.
  • Develop Web site maps, application models, image templates, or page templates that meet project goals, user needs, or industry standards.
  • Develop and document style guidelines for Web site content.
  • Identify or maintain links to and from other Web sites and check links to ensure proper functioning.
  • Establish appropriate server directory trees.
  • Develop or validate test routines and schedules to ensure that test cases mimic external interfaces and address all browser and device types.
  • Recommend and implement performance improvements.
  • Register Web sites with search engines to increase Web site traffic.
  • Document technical factors such as server load, bandwidth, database performance, and browser and device types.
  • Develop or implement procedures for ongoing Web site revision.
  • Create Web models or prototypes that include physical, interface, logical, or data models.
  • Provide clear, detailed descriptions of Web site specifications, such as product features, activities, software, communication protocols, programming languages, and operating systems software and hardware.
  • Evaluate or recommend server hardware or software.
  • Create searchable indices for Web page content.
  • Monitor security system performance logs to identify problems and notify security specialists when problems occur.

Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software - IBM SPSS Statistics
  • Application server software - Docker ; GitHub ; Oracle WebLogic Server ; Spring Boot (see all 5 examples)
  • Business intelligence and data analysis software - MicroStrategy ; Qlik Tech QlikView ; Tableau
  • Communications server software - IBM Domino
  • Configuration management software - Chef ; Perforce Helix software ; Puppet
  • Content workflow software - Atlassian JIRA ; Sitecore CMS
  • Customer relationship management CRM software - Oracle Eloqua ; Salesforce software
  • Data base management system software - Apache Hadoop ; MongoDB ; NoSQL ; Teradata Database (see all 14 examples)
  • Data base reporting software - Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services ; SAP Crystal Reports
  • Data base user interface and query software - AWS Redshift ; FileMaker Pro; Microsoft Access ; Structured query language SQL (see all 10 examples)
  • Data mining software - Google Analytics
  • Desktop publishing software - Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign ; Microsoft Publisher
  • Development environment software - Apache Maven ; C ; Integrated development environment IDE software ; Microsoft PowerShell (see all 19 examples)
  • Document management software - Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
  • Electronic mail software - IBM Notes
  • Enterprise application integration software - Atlassian Bamboo ; Common gateway interface CGI; Extensible markup language XML ; IBM InfoSphere DataStage (see all 6 examples)
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software - Microsoft Dynamics ; NetSuite ERP ; Oracle Fusion Applications ; SAP (see all 5 examples)
  • Enterprise system management software - IBM Power Systems software ; Splunk Enterprise
  • Expert system software - Ansible software
  • File versioning software - Apache Subversion SVN ; Git
  • Financial analysis software - Delphi Technology
  • Graphics or photo imaging software - Adobe Systems Adobe Creative Cloud ; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop ; Microsoft Visio ; Trimble SketchUp Pro (see all 7 examples)
  • Instant messaging software - Atlassian HipChat
  • Map creation software - ESRI ArcGIS software ; Geographic information system GIS software
  • Medical software - Epic Systems
  • Metadata management software - CA Erwin Data Modeler
  • Network monitoring software - Nagios ; Wireshark
  • Object or component oriented development software - C++ ; Oracle Java ; Python ; Swift (see all 17 examples)
  • Object oriented data base management software - Hibernate ORM ; PostgreSQL
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software - Linux ; Oracle Solaris ; Shell script ; UNIX (see all 13 examples)
  • Portal server software - Apache HTTP Server
  • Program testing software - Hewlett Packard LoadRunner ; JUnit ; Selenium ; Travis
  • Project management software - Atlassian Confluence; Confluence ; Microsoft SharePoint
  • Requirements analysis and system architecture software - Unified modeling language UML
  • Sales and marketing software - Google AdWords ; Marketo Marketing Automation
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Transaction server software - Customer information control system CICS ; Microsoft Internet Information Service IIS
  • Video creation and editing software - Adobe Systems Adobe AfterEffects ; Apple Final Cut Pro ; YouTube
  • Web page creation and editing software - Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver ; Facebook ; LinkedIn
  • Web platform development software - Drupal ; JavaScript ; Node.js ; Ruby on Rails (see all 38 examples)

Tools Used

  • Computer servers - Application servers; Web servers
  • Desktop computers
  • High capacity removable media drives - Universal serial bus USB flash drives
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Personal computers

Knowledge

  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Skills

  • Programming - Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Operations Analysis - Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Mathematical Reasoning - The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.

Interests

  • Interest code: CIR
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Work Context

  • Electronic Mail - 92% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 79% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 58% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 79% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 67% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 46% responded “Very important.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 63% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 46% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Telephone - 42% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 67% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 46% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Time Pressure - 58% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 38% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Contact With Others - 38% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Level of Competition - 58% responded “Highly competitive.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 33% responded “Important results.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 33% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 42% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 38% responded “Limited responsibility.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 42% responded “Important.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
46%Bachelor's degree
17%Post-secondary certificate
17%Associate's degree

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Work Values

  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $32.69 hourly, $67,990 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 163,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Much faster than average (15% or higher)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 14,600

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