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Surveyors
SOC Code: 17-1022.00

Make exact measurements and determine property boundaries. Provide data relevant to the shape, contour, gravitation, location, elevation, or dimension of land or land features on or near the earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, mining, land evaluation, construction, and other purposes.

Sample of reported job titles: City Surveyor, County Surveyor, Land Surveyor, Mine Surveyor, Registered Land Surveyor, Survey Manager, Survey Party Chief, Survey Project Manager, Survey Superintendent, Surveyor

Tasks

  • Verify the accuracy of survey data, including measurements and calculations conducted at survey sites.
  • Direct or conduct surveys to establish legal boundaries for properties, based on legal deeds and titles.
  • Prepare or supervise preparation of all data, charts, plots, maps, records, and documents related to surveys.
  • Prepare and maintain sketches, maps, reports, and legal descriptions of surveys to describe, certify, and assume liability for work performed.
  • Write descriptions of property boundary surveys for use in deeds, leases, or other legal documents.
  • Search legal records, survey records, and land titles to obtain information about property boundaries in areas to be surveyed.
  • Coordinate findings with the work of engineering and architectural personnel, clients, and others concerned with projects.
  • Establish fixed points for use in making maps, using geodetic and engineering instruments.
  • Calculate heights, depths, relative positions, property lines, and other characteristics of terrain.
  • Adjust surveying instruments to maintain their accuracy.
  • Train assistants and helpers, and direct their work in such activities as performing surveys or drafting maps.
  • Record the results of surveys including the shape, contour, location, elevation, and dimensions of land or land features.
  • Determine longitudes and latitudes of important features and boundaries in survey areas, using theodolites, transits, levels, and satellite-based global positioning systems (GPS).
  • Compute geodetic measurements and interpret survey data to determine positions, shapes, and elevations of geomorphic and topographic features.
  • Analyze survey objectives and specifications to prepare survey proposals or to direct others in survey proposal preparation.
  • Testify as an expert witness in court cases on land survey issues, such as property boundaries.
  • Plan and conduct ground surveys designed to establish baselines, elevations, and other geodetic measurements.
  • Develop criteria for survey methods and procedures.
  • Survey bodies of water to determine navigable channels and to secure data for construction of breakwaters, piers, and other marine structures.
  • Direct aerial surveys of specified geographical areas.
  • Conduct research in surveying and mapping methods using knowledge of techniques of photogrammetric map compilation and electronic data processing.

Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software - Geocomp Systems GeoNav; MicroSurvey FieldGenius; Sokkia Spectrum Survey Suite; Survey software (see all 11 examples)
  • Application server software - CloudWorks
  • Computer aided design CAD software - Autodesk AutoCAD ; Autodesk AutoCAD Land Desktop; Bentley MicroStation ; CMT Incorporated CogoCAD (see all 9 examples)
  • Data base user interface and query software - Data logging software
  • Data conversion software - Cyclone
  • Document management software - Data transfer software
  • Graphics or photo imaging software - Bentley GeoPak Bridge
  • Information retrieval or search software - Topographic database software
  • Internet browser software
  • Map creation software - ESRI ArcGIS software ; ESRI ArcView; PC-Mapper software; Sokkia Imap (see all 10 examples)
  • Mobile location based services software - Global positioning system GPS software
  • Office suite software - Latitude software; Microsoft Office
  • Project management software - Crones & Associations Project Tracker Pro; Project analysis and costing software; Project data integration software
  • Route navigation software - NOAA Shoreline Data Explorer
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Time accounting software - Sharetech Tabs Plus
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Barometers
  • Clinometers
  • Distance meters - Telescopic viewers
  • Electromagnetic geophysical instruments - Magnetic locators
  • Extension pole - Prism poles
  • Geological compasses - Pocket transits
  • Global positioning system GPS receiver - Global positioning system GPS receivers; Integrated global positioning systems GPS
  • Height gauges - Abney levels; Altimeters
  • Instrument tripods - Elevator tripods; Robotic tripods; Tripods
  • Interferometers - Tracking lasers
  • Laser measuring systems - Automatic slope lasers; Handheld measuring lasers; Line lasers
  • Lasers - Dot lasers; Invisible beam lasers; Rotary lasers; Visible beam lasers
  • Level sensors or transmitters - Transit levels
  • Levels - Automatic levels; Electronic digital levels; Hand levels
  • Machetes
  • Map measurers - Curvimeters; Planimeters
  • Measuring rods - Digital measuring poles; Rod levels; San Francisco rods; Surveyors leveling rods (see all 6 examples)
  • Measuring tapes - Depth gauge tapes
  • Measuring wheels for distance - Road measuring wheels
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Optical calibration sets - Tribrachs
  • Personal computers - Pocket personal computers PC
  • Plumb bobs - Laser plumb bobs
  • Prisms - Double right-angle prisms; Right-angle prisms
  • Rangefinders - Digital laser rangefinders
  • Scanners - Laser scanners
  • Sonars - Side scan sonars
  • Sonometers - Single-beam echo sounders; Single-beam transducers
  • Tape measures - Gammon reels; Measuring tapes
  • Theodolites - Electronic digital theodolites; Long range reflectorless total stations; Prismless total stations; Total stations (see all 7 examples)
  • Two way radios
  • Video attachments for microscopes - Stereoscopes

Knowledge

  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Geography - Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • Sales and Marketing - Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

Skills

  • Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Mathematical Reasoning - The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Number Facility - The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Depth Perception - The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
  • Spatial Orientation - The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
  • Speed of Closure - The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.

Interests

  • Interest code: RCI
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Work Context

  • Telephone - 94% responded “Every day.”
  • Electronic Mail - 90% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 81% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 68% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather - 61% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 48% responded “Very important.”
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment - 58% responded “Every day.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 45% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Contact With Others - 42% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 42% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 43% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 45% responded “Important results.”
  • Letters and Memos - 61% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 53% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Time Pressure - 53% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled - 42% responded “Every day.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 55% responded “Very important.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 48% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 62% responded “40 hours.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 55% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 42% responded “About half the time.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 55% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures - 45% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 32% responded “Very important.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 29% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Consequence of Error - 32% responded “Very serious.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 32% responded “Important.”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running - 39% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Level of Competition - 55% responded “Moderately competitive.”
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting - 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
42%Bachelor's degree
32%Associate's degree
16%High school diploma or equivalent

Work Styles

  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Work Values

  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $29.40 hourly, $61,140 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 45,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Faster than average (10% to 14%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 3,800

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