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Stone Cutters and Carvers, Manufacturing
SOC Code: 51-9195.03

Cut or carve stone according to diagrams and patterns.

Sample of reported job titles: Carver, Cutter, Fabricator, Granite Cutter, Polisher, Sandblast Carver, Sandblaster, Stone Carver, Stone Cutter, Stone Fabricator

Tasks

  • Verify depths and dimensions of cuts or carvings to ensure adherence to specifications, blueprints, or models, using measuring instruments.
  • Move fingers over surfaces of carvings to ensure smoothness of finish.
  • Shape, trim, or touch up roughed-out designs with appropriate tools to finish carvings.
  • Lay out designs or dimensions from sketches or blueprints on stone surfaces, by freehand or by transferring them from tracing paper, using scribes or chalk and measuring instruments.
  • Cut, shape, and finish rough blocks of building or monumental stone, according to diagrams or patterns.
  • Drill holes and cut or carve moldings and grooves in stone, according to diagrams and patterns.
  • Select chisels, pneumatic or surfacing tools, or sandblasting nozzles and determine sequence of use.
  • Study artistic objects or graphic materials, such as models, sketches, or blueprints, to plan carving or cutting techniques.
  • Carve designs or figures in full or bas relief on stone, employing knowledge of stone carving techniques and sense of artistry to produce carvings consistent with designers' plans.
  • Carve rough designs freehand or by chipping along marks on stone, using mallets and chisels or pneumatic tools.
  • Guide nozzles over stone, following stencil outlines, or chip along marks to create designs or to work surfaces down to specified finishes.
  • Smooth surfaces of carvings, using rubbing stones.
  • Load sandblasting equipment with abrasives, attach nozzles to hoses, and turn valves to admit compressed air and activate jets.
  • Dress stone surfaces, using bushhammers.
  • Remove or add stencils during blasting to create differing cut depths, intricate designs, or rough, pitted finishes.
  • Copy drawings on rough clay or plaster models.

Technology Skills

  • Inventory management software - Inventory control software
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Time accounting software - Timekeeping software
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Abrasive stones - Rubbing stones
  • Air compressors
  • Blow torch - Blow torches
  • Calipers - Dial calipers
  • Cold chisels - Cup chisels; Flat chisels; Frosting chisels; Point chisels (see all 7 examples)
  • Compasses - Layout compasses
  • Cross cut chisels - Criss-cross chisels
  • Cutting machines - Computerized numerical control CNC water jet cutters
  • Desktop computers
  • Ear muffs - Protective ear muffs
  • Flat taper file - Vixen files
  • Grinding or polishing machines - Polishing machines
  • Hammers - Bush hammers; Lump hammers
  • Levels - Precision levels
  • Mainframe console or dumb terminals - Computer terminals
  • Mallets
  • Milling machines - Computerized numerical control CNC routers
  • Pneumatic hammer - Pneumatic chisels; Pneumatic hammers
  • Pneumatic sanding machines - Sandblasters
  • Power buffers
  • Power drills - Hammer drills
  • Power grinders
  • Power routers - Variable speed routers
  • Power sanders
  • Power saws
  • Precision file - Precision files
  • Protective gloves - Safety gloves
  • Rasps
  • Respirators - Protective respirators
  • Rock cutters - Granite saws; Stone saws
  • Rulers - Precision rulers
  • Safety glasses
  • Scribers
  • Squares - Combination squares
  • Stencils or lettering aids - Design stencils
  • Straight edges - Straightedges

Knowledge

  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Skills

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Extent Flexibility - The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Interests

  • Interest code: RA
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Work Context

  • Exposed to Contaminants - 86% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 81% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 80% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 70% responded “Every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 68% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 55% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 58% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 62% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Time Pressure - 55% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 43% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 50% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 36% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Consequence of Error - 38% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment - 29% responded “Very important.”
  • Contact With Others - 41% responded “Occasional contact with others.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 50% responded “Every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 64% responded “40 hours.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 44% responded “Limited freedom.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled - 57% responded “Every day.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 30% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 35% responded “Important results.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 50% responded “Important.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 55% responded “Very important.”
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection - 41% responded “Every day.”
  • Level of Competition - 35% responded “Highly competitive.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 42% responded “Every day.”
  • Physical Proximity - 48% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures - 41% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 31% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
66%High school diploma or equivalent
22%Less than high school diploma
6%Post-secondary certificate

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $15.36 hourly, $31,950 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 43,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Decline (-2% or lower)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 4,200

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