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Solderers and Brazers
SOC Code: 51-4121.07

Braze or solder together components to assemble fabricated metal parts, using soldering iron, torch, or welding machine and flux.

Sample of reported job titles: Assembly Line Brazer, Brazer, Connector, Electronic Technician, Fabricator, Production Technician, Refrigeration Brazer/Solderer, Refrigeration Specialist, Solderer, Wirer

Tasks

  • Examine seams for defects and rework defective joints or broken parts.
  • Align and clamp workpieces together, using rules, squares, or hand tools, or position items in fixtures, jigs, or vises.
  • Melt and apply solder along adjoining edges of workpieces to solder joints, using soldering irons, gas torches, or electric-ultrasonic equipment.
  • Clean workpieces to remove dirt or excess acid, using chemical solutions, files, wire brushes, or grinders.
  • Grind, cut, buff, or bend edges of workpieces to be joined to ensure snug fit, using power grinders and hand tools.
  • Clean joints of workpieces with wire brushes or by dipping them into cleaning solutions.
  • Guide torches and rods along joints of workpieces to heat them to brazing temperature, melt braze alloys, and bond workpieces together.
  • Adjust electric current and timing cycles of resistance welding machines to heat metals to bonding temperature.
  • Turn valves to start flow of gases and light flames and adjust valves to obtain desired colors and sizes of flames.
  • Melt and apply solder to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products, using soldering equipment.
  • Heat soldering irons or workpieces to specified temperatures for soldering, using gas flames or electric current.
  • Brush flux onto joints of workpieces or dip braze rods into flux to prevent oxidation of metal.
  • Smooth soldered areas with alternate strokes of paddles and torches, leaving soldered sections slightly higher than surrounding areas for later filing.
  • Melt and separate brazed or soldered joints to remove and straighten damaged or misaligned components, using hand torches, irons, or furnaces.
  • Remove workpieces from fixtures, using tongs, and cool workpieces, using air or water.
  • Connect hoses from torches to regulator valves and cylinders of oxygen and specified gas fuels.
  • Sweat together workpieces coated with solder.
  • Dip workpieces into molten solder or place solder strips between seams and heat seams with irons to bond items together.
  • Place solder bars into containers and turn knobs to specified positions to melt solder and regulate its temperature.
  • Turn dials to set intensity and duration of ultrasonic impulses, according to work order specifications.
  • Select torch tips, flux, and brazing alloys from data charts or work orders.
  • Clean equipment parts, such as tips of soldering irons, using chemical solutions or cleaning compounds.
  • Remove workpieces from molten solder and hold parts together until color indicates that solder has set.

Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software - Fred's Tip Cartridge Picker; Value Analysis
  • Data base user interface and query software - Oracle software
  • Electronic mail software - Microsoft Outlook
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software - Microsoft Windows
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel

Tools Used

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Bench vises - Vises
  • Blow torch - Oxyacetylene torches; Propane torches
  • Deburring tool - Deburring tools
  • Desktop computers
  • Drill press or radial drill - Drill presses
  • Hacksaw - Hacksaws
  • Hammers
  • Hand clamps
  • Induction heaters - Heating coils
  • Mill saw file - Single-cut mill saw files
  • Notebook computers
  • Positioning jig - Jigs; Soldering jigs
  • Potentiometers
  • Power grinders
  • Power saws - Cutoff saws; Reciprocating saws
  • Protective gloves - Waterproof gloves
  • Pyrometers - Surface contact pyrometers
  • Rulers
  • Safety glasses - Welding lenses
  • Screwdrivers
  • Scribers
  • Shears
  • Soldering iron - Soldering irons
  • Squares
  • Tape measures
  • Templates
  • Tinners snips - Tin snips
  • Tongs
  • Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe - Lathes
  • Tube bending machine - Tube benders
  • Ultrasonic welding machine - Ultrasonic soldering equipment
  • Utility knives
  • Welder torch - Brazing equipment
  • Welding electrode - Welding electrodes
  • Welding masks - Welding shields
  • Welding or cutting tip - Torch tips
  • Wire brushes
  • Workshop cranes - Jibs

Knowledge

  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

Skills

  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.

Abilities

  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.

Interests

  • Interest code: R
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Work Context

  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 76% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 60% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Time Pressure - 70% responded “Every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 69% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 56% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 47% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 53% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Contact With Others - 35% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 42% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 63% responded “Every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 85% responded “40 hours.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 34% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 36% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 32% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 38% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 43% responded “Never.”
  • Physical Proximity - 37% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 34% responded “No results.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 32% responded “Limited freedom.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 31% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 44% responded “Every day.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
45%High school diploma or equivalent
38%Less than high school diploma
11%Post-secondary certificate

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $19.35 hourly, $40,240 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 405,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Average (5% to 9%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 45,800

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