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Sewers, Hand
SOC Code: 51-6051.00

Sew, join, reinforce, or finish, usually with needle and thread, a variety of manufactured items. Includes weavers and stitchers.

Sample of reported job titles: Alteration Specialist, Couturier, Custom Clothier, Custom Designer, Custom Seamstress, Designer, Dressmaker, Seamstress

Tasks

  • Sew, join, reinforce, or finish parts of articles, such as garments, books, mattresses, toys, and wigs, using needles and thread or other materials.
  • Trim excess threads or edges of parts, using scissors or knives.
  • Select thread, twine, cord, or yarn to be used, and thread needles.
  • Draw and cut patterns according to specifications.
  • Fold, twist, stretch, or drape material, and secure articles in preparation for sewing.
  • Smooth seams with heated irons, flat bones, or rubbing sticks.
  • Measure and align parts, fasteners, or trimmings, following seams, edges, or markings on parts.
  • Use different sewing techniques such as felling, tacking, basting, embroidery, and fagoting.
  • Sew buttonholes, or add lace or other trimming.
  • Wax thread by drawing it through a ball of wax.
  • Tie, knit, weave or knot ribbon, yarn, or decorative materials.

Technology Skills

  • Computer aided design CAD software - Embroidery design software; Template design software
  • Graphics or photo imaging software - Drawing software
  • Optical character reader OCR or scanning software - Graphics digitizing software

Tools Used

  • Awls - Overstitchers; Sewing awls
  • Domestic clothing irons - Pressing irons
  • Dressmakers ruler - Foot rules; Gridded rulers; Vary form curves
  • Embroidery making machines - Embroidery machines
  • Fids - Lacing fids; Stitching fids
  • Laser printers - Computer laser printers
  • Needle threader - Needle threaders
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts - Leather punches
  • Seam gauge - Seam gauges
  • Seam ripper - Seam rippers
  • Sewing needles
  • Shears - Fabric shears; Sewing scissors
  • Squares - Tailor's squares
  • Straight pins - Steel straight pins
  • Tablet computers
  • Tape measures - Measuring tapes
  • Thimbles - Sewing thimbles
  • Utility knives

Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Sales and Marketing - Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Skills

  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.

Interests

  • Interest code: RAC
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 78% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 59% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 42% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 58% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Telephone - 52% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 48% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Time Pressure - 59% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 68% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 31% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 35% responded “Every day.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 35% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Electronic Mail - 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 31% responded “Important results.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 33% responded “Very important.”
  • Contact With Others - 41% responded “Occasional contact with others.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
30%Less than high school diploma
30%Post-secondary certificate
22%High school diploma or equivalent

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Work Values

  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $12.61 hourly, $26,230 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 14,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Decline (-2% or lower)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 1,400

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