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Pourers and Casters, Metal
SOC Code: 51-4052.00

Operate hand-controlled mechanisms to pour and regulate the flow of molten metal into molds to produce castings or ingots.

Sample of reported job titles: Casting Machine Operator, Casting Operator, Die Cast Operator (DCO), Direct Chill Caster (DC Caster), Iron Pourer, Ladleman, Melter, Metal Handler, Pourer, Vacuum Caster

Tasks

  • Examine molds to ensure they are clean, smooth, and properly coated.
  • Pour and regulate the flow of molten metal into molds and forms to produce ingots or other castings, using ladles or hand-controlled mechanisms.
  • Pull levers to lift ladle stoppers and to allow molten steel to flow into ingot molds to specified heights.
  • Read temperature gauges and observe color changes, adjusting furnace flames, torches, or electrical heating units as necessary to melt metal to specifications.
  • Collect samples, or signal workers to sample metal for analysis.
  • Load specified amounts of metal and flux into furnaces or clay crucibles.
  • Add metal to molds to compensate for shrinkage.
  • Skim slag or remove excess metal from ingots or equipment, using hand tools, strainers, rakes, or burners, collecting scrap for recycling.
  • Remove metal ingots or cores from molds, using hand tools, cranes, and chain hoists.
  • Position equipment such as ladles, grinding wheels, pouring nozzles, or crucibles, or signal other workers to position equipment.
  • Transport metal ingots to storage areas, using forklifts.
  • Repair and maintain metal forms and equipment, using hand tools, sledges, and bars.
  • Turn valves to circulate water through cores, or spray water on filled molds to cool and solidify metal.
  • Stencil identifying information on ingots and pigs, using special hand tools.
  • Assemble and embed cores in casting frames, using hand tools and equipment.
  • Remove solidified steel or slag from pouring nozzles, using long bars or oxygen burners.

Technology Skills

  • Electronic mail software - Microsoft Outlook
  • Industrial control software - Husky Injection Molding Systems Shotscope NX
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Bench grinder - Handheld pneumatic grinders
  • Bench scales - Precision bench scales
  • Blow torch - Acetylene torches
  • Cleaning scrapers - Hand scrapers
  • Coordinate measuring machines CMM
  • Deburring tool - Deburring tools
  • Die casting machine - Cold chamber die casting machines; Hot chamber die casting machines
  • Ear plugs - Protective ear plugs
  • Electric furnace - Electric arc furnaces; Electric tilt furnaces
  • Forklifts - Wheeled forklifts
  • Foundry ladles - Automatic ladles; Hand ladles
  • Foundry molds
  • Foundry shovels - Dross hoes; Slag scrappers
  • Furnaces - Open-hearth furnaces; Oxygen furnaces
  • Go or no go gauge - Go/no-go gauges
  • Heat resistant clothing - Heat resistant suits
  • Hoists - Chain falls
  • Hydraulic extractor - Automatic extractors
  • Jib crane - Jib cranes
  • Locking pliers - Vise-grip pliers
  • Lubricator pump - Lubricant pumpers; Lubricant reciprocators
  • Mallets
  • Metal band sawing machine - Bandsaws
  • Overhead crane - Electric overhead transfer EOT cranes
  • Power shears - Power metal shears
  • Pyrometers - High temperature thermometers
  • Rulers - Depth gauges
  • Safety glasses - Protective glasses
  • Sledge hammer - Metal sledgehammers
  • Tongs - Foundry tongs
  • Wire brushes

Knowledge

  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

Skills

  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Equipment Maintenance - Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.

Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Reaction Time - The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
  • Visual Color Discrimination - The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.

Interests

  • Interest code: RC
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Exposed to Contaminants - 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 99% responded “Every day.”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures - 99% responded “Every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 86% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 12% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Spend Time Standing
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions - 80% responded “Every day.”
  • Time Pressure - 54% responded “Every day.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 57% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled - 79% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 74% responded “Every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 58% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 62% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 43% responded “Very important.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 34% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 42% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 39% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 60% responded “Every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 35% responded “Important results.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 36% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Consequence of Error - 33% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Physical Proximity - 40% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 44% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection - 47% responded “Every day.”
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting - 51% responded “Every day.”
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment - 40% responded “Important.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 38% responded “Important.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
48%High school diploma or equivalent
43%Less than high school diploma
8%Some college, no degree

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $18.37 hourly, $38,210 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 8,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Decline (-2% or lower)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 500

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