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Postmasters and Mail Superintendents
SOC Code: 11-9131.00

Plan, direct, or coordinate operational, administrative, management, and supportive services of a U.S. post office; or coordinate activities of workers engaged in postal and related work in assigned post office.

Sample of reported job titles: Delivery Supervisor, Distribution Operation Supervisor (SDO), Distribution Operations Manager, Distribution Operations Supervisor, Mail Delivery Supervisor, Postal Supervisor, Postmaster, Postmaster Relief (PMR), Remote Encoding Center Manager, Remote Encoding Operations Supervisor

Tasks

  • Monitor employees' work schedules and attendance for payroll purposes.
  • Organize and supervise activities, such as the processing of incoming and outgoing mail.
  • Resolve customer complaints.
  • Prepare employee work schedules.
  • Direct and coordinate operational, management, and supportive services of one or a number of postal facilities.
  • Hire and train employees, and evaluate their performance.
  • Prepare and submit detailed and summary reports of post office activities to designated supervisors.
  • Negotiate labor disputes.
  • Select and train postmasters and managers of associate postal units.
  • Inform the public of available services, and of postal laws and regulations.
  • Issue and cash money orders.
  • Collect rents for post office boxes.
  • Confer with suppliers to obtain bids for proposed purchases and to requisition supplies, disbursing funds according to federal regulations.

Technology Skills

  • Data base user interface and query software - Collection Point Management System CPMS; Data entry software ; Postal tracking software; Web Box Activity Tracing System WebBATS (see all 5 examples)
  • Electronic mail software - Email software
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software - SAP
  • Facilities management software - Vehicle management software
  • Human resources software - Personnel management software; Personnel scheduling software
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Map creation software - Postal boundary mapping software
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Point of sale POS software
  • Procurement software - eBuy
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Time accounting software - Payroll software
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Alarm systems - Security alarm systems
  • Bar code reader equipment - Barcode scanners
  • Cash registers - Electronic cash registers
  • Delivery trucks - Mail delivery trucks
  • Franking or postage machines - Postage meters; Postage validation imprinters
  • Laser printers - Computer laser printers
  • Magnetic stripe readers and encoders - Credit card machines
  • Personal computers
  • Point of sale POS terminal - Point of sale POS computer terminals
  • Postal scales - Digital postal scales
  • Scanners - Computer data input scanners
  • Signal Flare - Warning flares
  • Sorters - Mail sorting equipment
  • Special purpose telephones - Multiline telephone systems
  • Stamp canceling machines - Postage canceling machines
  • Tablet computers
  • Tape measures - Measuring tapes
  • Time card or time clock machine accessories - Time clocks
  • Time stamping machines - Date stamps
  • Video monitors - Video monitoring systems

Knowledge

  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Transportation - Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Economics and Accounting - Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.

Skills

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.

Interests

  • Interest code: ECS
    • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
    • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Work Context

  • Contact With Others - 96% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 92% responded “Every day.”
  • Time Pressure - 93% responded “Every day.”
  • Electronic Mail - 92% responded “Every day.”
  • Telephone - 90% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 86% responded “Every day.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 72% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 72% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 66% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 70% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 79% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 65% responded “Every day.”
  • Letters and Memos - 61% responded “Every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 67% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 47% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 45% responded “Every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 56% responded “Important results.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 54% responded “Very important.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 41% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 47% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Public Speaking - 63% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 57% responded “Very important.”
  • Level of Competition - 33% responded “Moderately competitive.”
  • Physical Proximity - 46% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Spend Time Standing - 36% responded “About half the time.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 32% responded “Never.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 42% responded “About half the time.”
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment - 28% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
62%High school diploma or equivalent
13%Bachelor's degree
11%Some college, no degree

Work Styles

  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Work Values

  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $35.98 hourly, $74,840 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 14,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Decline (-2% or lower)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 600

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