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Nurse Practitioners
SOC Code: 29-1171.00

Diagnose and treat acute, episodic, or chronic illness, independently or as part of a healthcare team. May focus on health promotion and disease prevention. May order, perform, or interpret diagnostic tests such as lab work and x rays. May prescribe medication. Must be registered nurses who have specialized graduate education.

Sample of reported job titles: Acute Care Nurse Practitioner; Adult Nurse Practitioner; Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN); Family Nurse Practitioner; Family Practice Certified Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner; Gastroenterology Nurse Practitioner; Nurse Practitioner; Nurse Practitioner, Adult; Pediatric Nurse Practitioner; Women's Health Care Nurse Practitioner

Tasks

  • Analyze and interpret patients' histories, symptoms, physical findings, or diagnostic information to develop appropriate diagnoses.
  • Diagnose or treat acute health care problems, such as illnesses, infections, or injuries.
  • Recommend diagnostic or therapeutic interventions with attention to safety, cost, invasiveness, simplicity, acceptability, adherence, and efficacy.
  • Prescribe medications based on efficacy, safety, and cost as legally authorized.
  • Educate patients about self-management of acute or chronic illnesses, tailoring instructions to patients' individual circumstances.
  • Prescribe medication dosages, routes, and frequencies, based on such patient characteristics as age and gender.
  • Order, perform, or interpret the results of diagnostic tests, such as complete blood counts (CBCs), electrocardiograms (EKGs), and radiographs (x-rays).
  • Maintain complete and detailed records of patients' health care plans and prognoses.
  • Recommend interventions to modify behavior associated with health risks.
  • Develop treatment plans, based on scientific rationale, standards of care, and professional practice guidelines.
  • Detect and respond to adverse drug reactions, with special attention to vulnerable populations such as infants, children, pregnant and lactating women, or older adults.
  • Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in nursing.
  • Counsel patients about drug regimens and possible side effects or interactions with other substances, such as food supplements, over-the-counter (OTC) medications, or herbal remedies.
  • Diagnose or treat chronic health care problems, such as high blood pressure and diabetes.
  • Provide patients with information needed to promote health, reduce risk factors, or prevent disease or disability.
  • Treat or refer patients for primary care conditions, such as headaches, hypertension, urinary tract infections, upper respiratory infections, and dermatological conditions.
  • Consult with, or refer patients to, appropriate specialists when conditions exceed the scope of practice or expertise.
  • Diagnose or treat complex, unstable, comorbid, episodic, or emergency conditions in collaboration with other health care providers as necessary.
  • Schedule follow-up visits to monitor patients or evaluate health or illness care.
  • Perform routine or annual physical examinations.
  • Supervise or coordinate patient care or support staff activities.
  • Maintain current knowledge of state legal regulations for nurse practitioner practice, including reimbursement of services.
  • Provide patients or caregivers with assistance in locating health care resources.
  • Maintain departmental policies and procedures in areas such as safety and infection control.
  • Perform primary care procedures such as suturing, splinting, administering immunizations, taking cultures, and debriding wounds.
  • Advocate for accessible health care that minimizes environmental health risks.
  • Keep abreast of regulatory processes and payer systems, such as Medicare, Medicaid, managed care, and private sources.

Technology Skills

  • Data base user interface and query software - Microsoft Access
  • Electronic mail software - Microsoft Outlook
  • Internet browser software - Microsoft Internet Explorer; Web browser software
  • Medical software - Medical procedure coding software ; MEDITECH software ; PCC Pediatric Partner; StatCom Patient Flow Logistics Enterprise Suite (see all 19 examples)
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Project management software - Microsoft SharePoint
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Apnea monitors or accessories - Apnea monitors
  • Arm orthopedic softgoods - Upper extremity braces
  • Arterial blood gas monitors or accessories - Arterial blood gas monitoring equipment
  • Arterial line catheters
  • Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles - Automated external defibrillators AED
  • Back or lumbar or sacral orthopedic softgoods - Back braces
  • Binocular light compound microscopes
  • Blood collection syringes - Blood drawing syringes
  • Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories - Cardiac monitors; Hemodynamic monitors
  • Cardiac pacemaker generator or cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker CRT-P - Pacemaker analyzers; Transcutaneous pacemakers
  • Cardiac ultrasound or doppler or echo units or cardioscopes - Doppler ultrasound equipment
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR protective shields or masks - Cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR face shields
  • Central venous catheters - Multiple lumen central line catheters
  • Cervical collars or neck braces - Neck braces
  • Chemistry analyzers - Hemoglobin analyzers
  • Chest tube - Chest tubes
  • Crutches or crutch accessories - Crutches
  • Diagnostic or interventional vascular catheters or sets - Angiocaths; Pulmonary artery catheters
  • Electrocardiography EKG units - Electrocardiography EKG machines; Portable electrocardiography EKG machines
  • Electronic blood pressure units - Electronic blood pressure monitors; Pediatric blood pressure cuffs
  • Electronic medical thermometers - Digital medical thermometers
  • Electrosurgical or electrocautery equipment - Electrosurgical cauterization machines
  • Emergency medical services head immobilizers - Head immobilization devices
  • Emergency or resuscitation carts - Crash carts
  • Endotracheal or tracheotomy sets - Tracheotomy sets
  • Endotracheal tubes - Endotracheal ET tubes
  • Epidural anesthesia kit or tray - Epidural catheters
  • Eye charts or vision cards - Snellen eye charts; Visual acuity testing cards
  • Flexible endoscopes or accessories or related products - Fiberoptic endoscopes; Flexible sigmoidoscopes
  • Flow sensors or regulators or components - Oxygen flowmeters
  • Glucose monitors or meters - Glucometers
  • Goggles - Safety goggles
  • Head or neck traction supplies - Halo traction equipment
  • Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB machines - Mechanical intermittent positive pressure ventilators
  • Intraaortic balloon pump and accessories - Intra-aortic balloon pumps IABP
  • Intracranial pressure ICP monitoring units or accessories - Intracranial pressure monitors
  • Intravenous infusion pumps for general use - Intravenous IV infusion pumps
  • Intravenous or arterial catheter tray - Intravenous IV administration sets; Intravenous IV cutdown trays
  • Intubator components or accessories - Intubation sets
  • Lancets
  • Laryngoscopes or accessories - Fiberoptic laryngoscopes
  • Leg orthopedic softgoods or accessories - Lower extremity braces
  • Long term continuous electrocardiography EKG or holter monitoring systems - Holter monitors
  • Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory - Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Medical exam or non surgical procedure gloves - Medical examination protective gloves
  • Medical nasal catheters or catheterization kits - Nasal catheters
  • Medical oxygen masks or parts - Oxygen delivery masks
  • Medical staff isolation or cover gown - Protective gowns
  • Medical staff isolation or surgical masks - Protective face shields
  • Medical staple or clip removers - Surgical staple removers
  • Medical stapler for external use - Skin staplers
  • Medical suction or vacuum appliances - Nasal suctioning equipment; Oral suctioning equipment; Tracheal suctioning equipment
  • Medical syringe with needle - Hypodermic syringes
  • Medical tuning forks - Diagnostic tuning forks
  • Microcentrifuges - Microhematocrit centrifuges
  • Nasogastric tubes
  • Nebulizer or accessories - Handheld nebulizers
  • Non invasive bi level machines - Bilevel positive airway pressure BiPAP ventilators
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets - Ophthalmoscopes; Otoscopes
  • Orthopedic splint systems - Orthopedic splinting equipment
  • Oxygen concentrators
  • Patient floor scales - Medical scales
  • Peak flowmeters
  • Pericardiocentesis needles or kits or accessories - Pericardiocentesis kits
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers - Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Pulse oximeter units - Pulse oximeters
  • Reflex hammers or mallets - Reflex hammers
  • Special purpose telephones - Multi-line telephone systems
  • Specimen collection container - Specimen collection containers
  • Spine boards - Spinal immobilization equipment
  • Spirometers or its accessories or its supplies - Incentive spirometers
  • Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories - Mosquito hemostats
  • Surgical lasers or accessories - Argon lasers; Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers; Pulsed dye lasers
  • Surgical pneumatic or electric tourniquets or accessories - Pneumatic tourniquets
  • Surgical punches or punch holder or accessories - Biopsy punches
  • Surgical scalpels or knives or blades or trephines or accessories - Surgical scalpels
  • Surgical scissors - Straight surgical scissors
  • Suturing kits or trays or packs or sets - Suturing kits
  • Tablet computers
  • Thoracentesis set or tray - Thoracentesis kits
  • Tissue culture incubators
  • Tourniquets
  • Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation units - Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment
  • Tympanometers or accessories - Tympanometers
  • Umbilical catheters
  • Urinalysis test strips
  • Urinary catheterization kit - Urinary catheters
  • Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers - Evacuated blood collection tubes
  • Vaginal exam specula
  • Ventricular assist devices - Ventricular assist devices VAD
  • Walking braces

Knowledge

  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Philosophy and Theology - Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Skills

  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
  • Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
  • Operations Analysis - Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.

Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Speed of Closure - The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Mathematical Reasoning - The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
  • Memorization - The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Interests

  • Interest code: SIR
    • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Work Context

  • Telephone - 90% responded “Every day.”
  • Electronic Mail - 90% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 86% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 72% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Consequence of Error - 76% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 63% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 89% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 61% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections - 69% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 76% responded “Every day.”
  • Contact With Others - 52% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
  • Physical Proximity - 69% responded “Very close (near touching).”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 67% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 48% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 53% responded “Very important results.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 46% responded “Very important.”
  • Letters and Memos - 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Time Pressure - 40% responded “Every day.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 41% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 52% responded “Every day.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 54% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 41% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 52% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 36% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 48% responded “About half the time.”
  • Level of Competition - 28% responded “Moderately competitive.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
83%Master's degree
7%Doctoral degree
3%Post-baccalaureate certificate

Work Styles

  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Work Values

  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $49.94 hourly, $103,880 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 156,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Much faster than average (15% or higher)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 14,400

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