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Model Makers, Wood
SOC Code: 51-7031.00

Construct full-size and scale wooden precision models of products. Includes wood jig builders and loft workers.

Sample of reported job titles: Craftsman, Model Builder, Model Maker, Product Development Carpenter, Sample Builder, Sample Maker, Sample Worker

Tasks

  • Verify dimensions and contours of models during hand-forming processes, using templates and measuring devices.
  • Read blueprints, drawings, or written specifications, and consult with designers to determine sizes and shapes of patterns and required machine setups.
  • Set up, operate, and adjust a variety of woodworking machines such as bandsaws and planers to cut and shape sections, parts, and patterns, according to specifications.
  • Fit, fasten, and assemble wood parts together to form patterns, models, or sections, using glue, nails, dowels, bolts, screws, and other fasteners.
  • Trim, smooth, and shape surfaces, and plane, shave, file, scrape, and sand models to attain specified shapes, using hand tools.
  • Select wooden stock, determine layouts, and mark layouts of parts on stock, using precision equipment such as scribers, squares, and protractors.
  • Construct wooden models, patterns, templates, full scale mock-ups, and molds for parts of products and production tools.
  • Mark identifying information on patterns, parts, and templates to indicate assembly methods and details.
  • Plan, lay out, and draw outlines of units, sectional patterns, or full-scale mock-ups of products.
  • Fabricate work aids such as scrapers or templates.
  • Maintain pattern records for reference.
  • Build jigs that can be used as guides for assembling oversized or special types of box shooks.
  • Issue patterns to designated machine operators.
  • Finish patterns or models with protective or decorative coatings such as shellac, lacquer, or wax.

Technology Skills

  • Computer aided design CAD software - Dassault Systemes CATIA ; Siemens NX
  • Electronic mail software - Microsoft Outlook
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Angle grinder - Cordless angle grinders
  • Automatic lathe or chucking machine - Computer numerically controlled CNC lathes; Woodturning lathes
  • Awls - Scratch awls
  • Bandsaw wheel - Micro band saws
  • Belt sander - Belt sanders
  • Bench clamp - Heavy duty bench clamps
  • Bench vises - Precision bench vises
  • Bending machines - Plank bending tools
  • Carving tools - Carving knives
  • Cleaning brushes
  • Disc sander - Benchtop disk sanders
  • Drill press or radial drill - Benchtop drill presses
  • Engravers - Engraving tools
  • Hammers - Mini hammers
  • Hand reamer - Adjustable hand reamers
  • Jigsaw - Variable speed jigsaws
  • Milling machines - Computer numerically controlled CNC milling machines; Micro mills; Vertical mills
  • Needlenose pliers - Needlenose pliers sets
  • Planes - Micro planers
  • Power drills - Cordless power drills
  • Power grinders - Rotary tools
  • Power nail guns - Power nailing tools
  • Power routers - Plunge routers
  • Power sanders - Pen sanders
  • Power saws - Bandsaws; Bench circular saws; Table saws
  • Power screwguns - Powered screwdrivers
  • Precision file - Precision file sets
  • Protractors
  • Rulers - Metal rulers
  • Saws - Razor saws
  • Screwdrivers - Multipurpose screwdrivers
  • Scribers - Scribing tools
  • Scroll saw - Scroll saws
  • Sharpening stones or tools or kits - Sharpening stones
  • Stereolithography machine - Stereolithography prototyping machines
  • Turning machines - Turning tools
  • Tweezers - Mini tweezers
  • Wire cutters - Wire cutting tools
  • Woodworking jointer - Woodworking jointers

Knowledge

  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

Skills

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Operations Analysis - Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Reaction Time - The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Interests

  • Interest code: RAC
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Exposed to Contaminants - 93% responded “Every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 85% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 81% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 78% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 79% responded “Every day.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 67% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 75% responded “Every day.”
  • Contact With Others - 66% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 55% responded “Very important results.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 65% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Time Pressure - 68% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 31% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 63% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 49% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Telephone - 58% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 50% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled - 66% responded “Every day.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 32% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 39% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Consequence of Error - 44% responded “Serious.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 28% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
  • Level of Competition - 27% responded “Highly competitive.”
  • Physical Proximity - 50% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running - 50% responded “Less than half the time.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
48%High school diploma or equivalent
32%Post-secondary certificate
16%Less than high school diploma

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Work Values

  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $24.11 hourly, $50,150 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 2,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Slower than average (2% to 4%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 200

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