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Model Makers, Metal and Plastic
SOC Code: 51-4061.00

Set up and operate machines, such as lathes, milling and engraving machines, and jig borers to make working models of metal or plastic objects. Includes template makers.

Sample of reported job titles: Catalytic Converter Special Build Prototype, Computer Numerical Control Machinist (CNC Machinist), Computer Numerical Control Operator (CNC Operator), Fabricator, Metal Model Maker, Model Builder, Model Maker, Molding Technician, Pattern Finisher, Prototype Special Build

Tasks

  • Study blueprints, drawings, and sketches to determine material dimensions, required equipment, and operations sequences.
  • Inspect and test products to verify conformance to specifications, using precision measuring instruments or circuit testers.
  • Drill, countersink, and ream holes in parts and assemblies for bolts, screws, and other fasteners, using power tools.
  • Cut, shape, and form metal parts, using lathes, power saws, snips, power brakes and shears, files, and mallets.
  • Set up and operate machines, such as lathes, drill presses, punch presses, or bandsaws, to fabricate prototypes or models.
  • Devise and construct tools, dies, molds, jigs, and fixtures, or modify existing tools and equipment.
  • Rework or alter component model or parts as required to ensure that products meet standards.
  • Grind, file, and sand parts to finished dimensions.
  • Program computer numerical control (CNC) machines to fabricate model parts.
  • Lay out and mark reference points and dimensions on materials, using measuring instruments and drawing or scribing tools.
  • Align, fit, and join parts, using bolts and screws or by welding or gluing.
  • Use computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacture (CAM) software or hardware to fabricate model parts.
  • Assemble mechanical, electrical, and electronic components into models or prototypes, using hand tools, power tools, and fabricating machines.
  • Consult and confer with engineering personnel to discuss developmental problems and to recommend product modifications.
  • Record specifications, production operations, and final dimensions of models for use in establishing operating standards and procedures.
  • Wire and solder electrical and electronic connections and components.

Technology Skills

  • Computer aided design CAD software - Creo Parametric
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software - CNC Software Mastercam
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Autocollimator - Visual autocollimators
  • Boring machines - Jig bores
  • Calibrated resistance measuring equipment - Wheatstone bridges
  • Calipers - Digital calipers
  • Capacitance meters - Capacitance checkers
  • Comparators - Shadowgraph optical comparators
  • Drill press or radial drill - Benchtop drill presses; Hydraulic punch presses
  • Electrical frequency meters - Digital electrical frequency meters
  • Engraving machines
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus - Gas powered brazing equipment
  • Grease guns - Grease dispensing guns
  • Grinding machines - Power grinding machines
  • Hardness testers - Digital hardness testers
  • Hoists - Chain hoists
  • Hydraulic press brake - Power brakes
  • Integrated circuit testers - Digital integrated circuit testers
  • Mallets
  • Metal band sawing machine - Bandsaws
  • Micrometers - Electronic micrometers
  • Milling machines - Manual mills
  • Ohmmeters - Volt-ohm meters VOM
  • Oscilloscopes - Digital oscilloscopes
  • Power routers - Computer numerical control CNC routers
  • Power saws
  • Scribers - Scribing tools
  • Signal generators
  • Simple harmonic oscillator - Audio-oscillators
  • Smooth cut file - Flat smooth cut files
  • Soldering iron - Microsoldering equipment; Soldering irons
  • Three dimensional printing machine - Fused deposition modeling FDM printers; Selective layered sintering SLS printers; Stereolithography SLA printers; Three-dimensional prototyping printers
  • Tinners snips - Hand snips; Metal shears
  • Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe - Jewelers lathes; Manual lathes
  • Tungsten inert gas welding machine - Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
  • Vertical machining center - Computer numerical control CNC vertical machine centers
  • Wire cathode electrode discharge machine - Electrical discharge machines EDM
  • Workshop cranes - Portable workshop cranes

Knowledge

  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

Skills

  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Troubleshooting - Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Abilities

  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Reaction Time - The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Auditory Attention - The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

Interests

  • Interest code: RIC
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 98% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 99% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 72% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 81% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 79% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 78% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 75% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 32% responded “About half the time.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 64% responded “Very important results.”
  • Time Pressure - 57% responded “Every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week
  • Consequence of Error - 23% responded “Very serious.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 42% responded “Important.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 19% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Physical Proximity - 35% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 29% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 35% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Contact With Others - 20% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 30% responded “Important.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 20% responded “Less than half the time.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 24% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Level of Competition - 42% responded “Moderately competitive.”
  • Electronic Mail - 42% responded “Never.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 42% responded “A lot of freedom.”

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $25.80 hourly, $53,670 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 6,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Decline (-2% or lower)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 600

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