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Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines
SOC Code: 49-3042.00

Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul mobile mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic equipment, such as cranes, bulldozers, graders, and conveyors, used in construction, logging, and surface mining.

Sample of reported job titles: Construction Equipment Mechanic, Equipment Mechanic, Equipment Technician, Field Mechanic, Field Service Technician, Field Technician, Heavy Equipment Mechanic, Heavy Equipment Technician, Mechanic, Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanic

Tasks

  • Repair and replace damaged or worn parts.
  • Test mechanical products and equipment after repair or assembly to ensure proper performance and compliance with manufacturers' specifications.
  • Operate and inspect machines or heavy equipment to diagnose defects.
  • Read and understand operating manuals, blueprints, and technical drawings.
  • Dismantle and reassemble heavy equipment using hoists and hand tools.
  • Overhaul and test machines or equipment to ensure operating efficiency.
  • Adjust, maintain, and repair or replace subassemblies, such as transmissions and crawler heads, using hand tools, jacks, and cranes.
  • Repair, rewire, and troubleshoot electrical systems.
  • Diagnose faults or malfunctions to determine required repairs, using engine diagnostic equipment such as computerized test equipment and calibration devices.
  • Examine parts for damage or excessive wear, using micrometers and gauges.
  • Weld or solder broken parts and structural members, using electric or gas welders and soldering tools.
  • Research, order, and maintain parts inventory for services and repairs.
  • Fit bearings to adjust, repair, or overhaul mobile mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic equipment.
  • Schedule maintenance for industrial machines and equipment, and keep equipment service records.
  • Clean, lubricate, and perform other routine maintenance work on equipment and vehicles.
  • Assemble gear systems, and align frames and gears.
  • Clean parts by spraying them with grease solvent or immersing them in tanks of solvent.
  • Adjust and maintain industrial machinery, using control and regulating devices.
  • Fabricate needed parts or items from sheet metal.
  • Direct workers who are assembling or disassembling equipment or cleaning parts.

Technology Skills

  • Data base user interface and query software - Database software; Recordkeeping software
  • Electronic mail software - Microsoft Outlook
  • Facilities management software - Maintenance management software
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers - Dual action pliers
  • Adjustable wrenches - Adjustable monkey wrenches
  • Air compressors
  • Ammeters
  • Automotive exhaust emission analyzers - Exhaust emission analyzers
  • Awls
  • Ball peen hammer - Ball peen hammers
  • Battery chargers
  • Battery testers - Handheld battery testers
  • Blow torch - Cutting torches
  • Bolt cutters
  • Boring machines - Boring bars
  • Box end wrenches - Offset box wrenches
  • C clamps - Hose clamps
  • Calipers - Dial calipers
  • Circuit tester - Circuit testers; Test lights
  • Cold chisels
  • Combination wrenches
  • Crows foot wrench - Crowfoot wrenches
  • Desktop computers
  • Diagonal cut pliers - Diagonal cutting pliers
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge - Dial gauges
  • Digital testers - Electronic engine analyzers
  • Drill press or radial drill - Drill presses
  • Dynamometers
  • Ear plugs - Protective ear plugs
  • End cut pliers - End nippers
  • Engine or vehicle stands - Jack stands
  • Feeler gauges - Spark plug gapping tools
  • Flame cutting machine - Flame cutting equipment
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus - Gas welders; Oxyacetylene welding equipment
  • Goggles - Safety goggles
  • Grease guns
  • Hacksaw - Hacksaws
  • Hammers - Plastic tip hammers
  • Hand sprayers - Solvent sprayers
  • Hard hats
  • Hazardous material protective apparel - Hazardous material protective clothing
  • Heat guns
  • Hex keys - Allen wrenches; Hex key sets
  • Hoists
  • Inspection mirror - Inspection mirrors
  • Jacks
  • Leak testing equipment - Leak detection equipment
  • Lifts - Hydraulic lifts
  • Linemans pliers - Lineman's pliers
  • Liquid leak detectors - Leak detectors
  • Locking pliers - Channel lock pliers; Hose-clamp pliers; Locking C-clamp pliers; Vise grip pliers
  • Longnose pliers - Long nose pliers
  • Magnetic tools - Magnetic pickup tools
  • Metal inert gas welding machine - Metal inert gas MIG welders
  • Microcontrollers - On board computers
  • Micrometers
  • Mill saw file - Single-cut mill saw files
  • Multimeters - Clamp-on multimeters
  • Needlenose pliers
  • Nut drivers
  • Ohmmeters
  • Oscilloscopes
  • Paint sprayers
  • Personal computers
  • Pipe wrenches
  • Pitch measuring instruments - Pitch gauges; Screw pitch gauges
  • Plasma arc welding machine - Plasma welding equipment
  • Pneumatic impact wrenches - Impact air wrenches; Pneumatic ratchets; Pneumatic wrenches
  • Portable data input terminals - Hand held diagnostic computers
  • Power drills
  • Power grinders - Grinding machines
  • Power sanders
  • Power saws
  • Power screwguns - Cordless screwdrivers; Electronic screwdrivers
  • Pressure indicators - Pressure gauges
  • Pry bars
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts - Brass drifts; Center punches; Punch sets; Three-pin punches (see all 6 examples)
  • Putty knives
  • Ratchets
  • Razor knives
  • Respirators
  • Retaining ring pliers - Snap ring pliers
  • Rivet tools - Riveting tools
  • Rubber mallet - Rubber mallets
  • Rulers
  • Safety boots - Hard-toed shoes
  • Screw extractors - Screw extractor sets
  • Screwdrivers - Phillips head screwdrivers; Ratcheting screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine - Shielded arc welding tools
  • Slip or groove joint pliers - Groove joint/water pump pliers; Slip joint pliers
  • Socket sets - Socket wrench sets
  • Sockets - Socket wrenches
  • Specialty wrenches - Brake bleeder wrenches; Breaker bars; Flare nut wrenches; Oil filter wrenches
  • Stripping tools - Wire strippers
  • Tachometers
  • Tape measures
  • Tinners snips - Snips
  • Tire pressure gauge - Tire pressure gauges
  • Torx keys - Torx screwdrivers
  • Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe - Lathes
  • Tungsten inert gas welding machine - Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
  • Two way radios
  • Utility knives
  • Voltage or current meters - Voltmeters
  • Welder torch - Brazing equipment
  • Welding masks - Welding hoods
  • Wheel alignment equipment - Wheel alignment gauges
  • Wire brushes
  • Wire cutters
  • Wire lug crimping tool - Wire crimpers

Knowledge

  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

Skills

  • Repairing - Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
  • Troubleshooting - Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
  • Equipment Maintenance - Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  • Equipment Selection - Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Abilities

  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Extent Flexibility - The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Reaction Time - The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Rate Control - The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  • Visual Color Discrimination - The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Auditory Attention - The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
  • Hearing Sensitivity - The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Response Orientation - The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

Interests

  • Interest code: RC
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 78% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 83% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled - 80% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 88% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 71% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 79% responded “Every day.”
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions - 69% responded “Every day.”
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather - 55% responded “Every day.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 62% responded “Every day.”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures - 60% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 50% responded “Very important.”
  • Telephone - 62% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 57% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Contact With Others - 50% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 49% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 58% responded “Every day.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 48% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 44% responded “Very important results.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 55% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment - 47% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 50% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 46% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Electronic Mail - 43% responded “Every day.”
  • Time Pressure - 49% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 48% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting - 52% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 47% responded “Some freedom.”
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment - 39% responded “Every day.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 46% responded “Important.”
  • Consequence of Error - 43% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions - 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Exposed to Whole Body Vibration - 31% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 28% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling - 32% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 31% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Letters and Memos - 25% responded “Every day.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 48% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running - 50% responded “Less than half the time.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
55%Post-secondary certificate
30%High school diploma or equivalent
8%Some college, no degree

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $24.45 hourly, $50,860 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 127,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Average (5% to 9%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 13,500

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