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Maintenance and Repair Workers, General
SOC Code: 49-9071.00

Perform work involving the skills of two or more maintenance or craft occupations to keep machines, mechanical equipment, or the structure of an establishment in repair. Duties may involve pipe fitting; boiler making; insulating; welding; machining; carpentry; repairing electrical or mechanical equipment; installing, aligning, and balancing new equipment; and repairing buildings, floors, or stairs.

Sample of reported job titles: Building Maintenance Mechanic, Building Mechanic, Equipment Engineering Technician, Facilities Manager, Maintenance Engineer, Maintenance Man, Maintenance Mechanic, Maintenance Supervisor, Maintenance Technician, Maintenance Worker

Tasks

  • Inspect, operate, or test machinery or equipment to diagnose machine malfunctions.
  • Dismantle machines, equipment, or devices to access and remove defective parts, using hoists, cranes, hand tools, or power tools.
  • Perform routine maintenance, such as inspecting drives, motors, or belts, checking fluid levels, replacing filters, or doing other preventive maintenance actions.
  • Diagnose mechanical problems and determine how to correct them, checking blueprints, repair manuals, or parts catalogs, as necessary.
  • Repair machines, equipment, or structures, using tools such as hammers, hoists, saws, drills, wrenches, or equipment such as precision measuring instruments or electrical or electronic testing devices.
  • Maintain or repair specialized equipment or machinery located in cafeterias, laundries, hospitals, stores, offices, or factories.
  • Assemble, install, or repair wiring, electrical or electronic components, pipe systems, plumbing, machinery, or equipment.
  • Clean or lubricate shafts, bearings, gears, or other parts of machinery.
  • Adjust functional parts of devices or control instruments, using hand tools, levels, plumb bobs, or straightedges.
  • Order parts, supplies, or equipment from catalogs or suppliers.
  • Plan and lay out repair work, using diagrams, drawings, blueprints, maintenance manuals, or schematic diagrams.
  • Perform general cleaning duties of buildings or properties.
  • Paint or repair roofs, windows, doors, floors, woodwork, plaster, drywall, or other parts of building structures.
  • Operate cutting torches or welding equipment to cut or join metal parts.
  • Record type and cost of maintenance or repair work.
  • Assemble boilers at installation sites, using tools such as levels, plumb bobs, hammers, torches, or other hand tools.
  • Test and treat water supply.
  • Perform routine maintenance on boilers, such as replacing burners or hoses, installing replacement parts, or reinforcing structural weaknesses to ensure optimal boiler efficiency.
  • Install equipment to improve the energy or operational efficiency of residential or commercial buildings.
  • Set up and operate machine tools to repair or fabricate machine parts, jigs, fixtures, or tools.
  • Train or manage maintenance personnel or subcontractors.
  • Align and balance new equipment after installation.
  • Provide groundskeeping services, such as landscaping or snow removal.
  • Inspect used parts to determine changes in dimensional requirements, using rules, calipers, micrometers, or other measuring instruments.
  • Fabricate or repair counters, benches, partitions, or other wooden structures, such as sheds or outbuildings.
  • Position, attach, or blow insulating materials to prevent energy losses from buildings, pipes, or other structures or objects.
  • Estimate costs to repair machinery, equipment, or building structures.
  • Grind and reseat valves, using valve-grinding machines.

Technology Skills

  • Calendar and scheduling software - Computerized time management systems
  • Computer aided design CAD software - Autodesk AutoCAD ; Computer aided design and drafting software CADD; PTC Creo Parametric
  • Data base user interface and query software - Data entry software ; Yardi
  • Development environment software - National Instruments LabVIEW
  • Electronic mail software - IBM Notes ; Microsoft Exchange Server ; Microsoft Outlook
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software - SAP
  • Facilities management software - Computerized maintenance management system CMMS
  • Industrial control software - Digital direct control DDC energy management software; Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA software
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software - Apple macOS ; Handheld computer device software ; Microsoft Windows
  • Project management software - Microsoft Project ; Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio Management
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Video creation and editing software - YouTube
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers - Water pump pliers
  • Adjustable wrenches - Adjustable crescent wrenches; Adjustable hand wrenches; Adjustable slip lock nut wrenches
  • Air compressors
  • Alarm systems - Security alarm systems
  • Ammeters - Volt-ammeters
  • Augers
  • Backhoes - Tractors with backhoe attachments
  • Ball peen hammer - Ball peen hammers
  • Bench vises - Workshop bench vises
  • Biscuit jointers - Biscuit joiners
  • Blocks or pulleys - Block and tackle equipment
  • Blow torch - Cutting torches
  • Brooms - Industrial brooms
  • C clamps - Locking C-clamps
  • Calipers - Dial calipers
  • Caulking guns
  • Claw hammer - Claw hammers
  • Cold chisels - Metal chisels
  • Conduit benders
  • Demolition hammers - Chipping hammers
  • Desktop computers
  • Dewatering pumps - Utility pumps
  • Diagonal cut pliers - Diagonal cutting pliers
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge - Dial indicators
  • Dollies
  • Drain or pipe cleaning equipment - Drain augers; Drain cleaning cables; Hand spinners; Power drain cleaners (see all 12 examples)
  • Drain or toilet plunger - Plungers
  • Drilling machines - Drill presses
  • Dump trucks
  • End cut pliers - Side cutting pliers
  • Feeler gauges
  • Fish tape - Fish tape pullers
  • Front end loaders - Two-wheel drive front end loaders
  • Fuse pullers
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus - Gas welders
  • Goggles - Safety goggles
  • Grease guns
  • Grinders - Hand grinders
  • Grinding machines - Valve grinding machines
  • Hacksaw - Hacksaws; Mini hacksaws
  • Hammer drills - Rotary hammers
  • Hammers - Dead blow hammers
  • Hand sprayers - Hand operated spray guns
  • Hand trucks or accessories - Hand trucks
  • Hedge clippers - Electric trimmers
  • Hex keys - Allen wrenches; Hex key sets; Hex wrenches
  • Hoists - Hoisting equipment
  • Hole saws - Circle cutters; Hole cutting tools
  • Hose cutter - Gasket cutters
  • Hydraulic truck cranes - Hydraulic boom trucks
  • Inspection mirror - Inspection mirrors
  • Jacks - Hand jacks
  • Ladders - Step ladders
  • Lawnmowers - Lawn mowers
  • Levels - Bubble levels; Hand levels; Spirit levels
  • Lifts - Power lifts
  • Liquid leak detectors - Ultrasonic leak detectors
  • Locking pliers - Channel lock pliers; Vise grip pliers
  • Micrometers - Digital micrometers
  • Mitre box - Mitre boxes
  • Needlenose pliers
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Nut drivers - Universal nut wrenches
  • Offset socket wrenches - Hollow core socket wrenches
  • Ohmmeters - Volt-ohm meters VOM
  • Oil can - Oil dispensing cans
  • Paint brushes - Paint application brushes
  • Paint rollers - Paint application rollers
  • Paint sprayers - Paint spray guns
  • Personal computers
  • Picks - Ice picks
  • Pipe or tube cutter - Pipe cutters; Power pipe cutters; Ratcheting polyvinyl chloride PVC cutters; Tubing cutters (see all 10 examples)
  • Pipe vises - Pipe welding vises; Welding clamps
  • Pipe wrenches - End pipe wrenches; Offset pipe wrenches; Straight pipe wrenches
  • Plumb bobs
  • Pneumatic hammer - Jackhammers
  • Portable data input terminals - Handheld computers
  • Power drills - Cordless power drills; Direct tap machines; Hammer drills; Right-angle drills (see all 5 examples)
  • Power flaring tool - Flaring tools
  • Power nail guns - Electric nail guns
  • Power planes - Electric planers
  • Power routers
  • Power sanders - Electric sanders
  • Power saws - Circular saws; Radial arm saws; Reciprocating saws; Tile saws (see all 7 examples)
  • Precision file - Precision files
  • Pressure or steam cleaners - High pressure water sprayers
  • Protective gloves - Safety gloves
  • Pry bars - Crowbars
  • Pullers - Bearing pullers; Chain pullers; Comealongs; Tub drain removers (see all 7 examples)
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts - Center punches; Pin punches
  • Putty knives
  • Ratchets - Manual ratchet threader sets; Ratchet wrenches
  • Respirators - Dust and particulate respirators
  • Rubber mallet - Rubber mallets
  • Rulers
  • Safety harnesses or belts - Protective harnesses
  • Safety shoes
  • Saws - Hand saws
  • Scaffolding
  • Screw extractors - Screw extractor sets
  • Screwdrivers - Flat blade screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
  • Scribers
  • Sewage pumps
  • Sharpening stones or tools or kits - Sharpening equipment
  • Shears
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine - Shielded arc welding tools
  • Shovels - Snow shovels
  • Sledge hammer - Sledgehammers
  • Slings - Rigging equipment
  • Slip or groove joint pliers - Slip joint pliers
  • Snow blowers
  • Snowplow attachments - Snowplows
  • Socket sets - Socket wrench sets
  • Soldering iron - Soldering equipment
  • Specialty wrenches - Basin wrenches
  • Spot welding machine - Portable welding machines; Welders
  • Squares - Combination squares
  • Straight edges - Straightedges
  • Stripping tools - Wire strippers
  • Stud finders - Stud locators
  • Tape measures - Measuring tapes
  • Tensiometers - Tension gauges
  • Threading dies - Pipe threaders
  • Threading taps - Tap sets
  • Tinners snips - Tin snips
  • Torque wrenches
  • Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe - Lathes
  • Trenching machines - Trenchers
  • Trowels - Concrete trowels
  • Tube bending machine - Tube benders
  • Two way radios - Portable two way radios
  • Utility knives
  • Voltage or current meters - Current testers; Voltage testers
  • Water samplers
  • Welder torch - Brazing equipment
  • Wire cutters - Wire cutting tools
  • Wire lug crimping tool - Wire crimpers
  • Wire or cable cutter - Conduit cutters
  • Workshop cranes

Knowledge

  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Skills

  • Equipment Maintenance - Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
  • Repairing - Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
  • Troubleshooting - Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Equipment Selection - Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Installation - Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Extent Flexibility - The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  • Gross Body Coordination - The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Visual Color Discrimination - The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Interests

  • Interest code: RCI
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 92% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 72% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 74% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 65% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 52% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Contact With Others - 58% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 44% responded “Very important.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 47% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 63% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 53% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 38% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 46% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled - 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running - 42% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 43% responded “Very important results.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 57% responded “Every day.”
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather - 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 47% responded “Every day.”
  • Physical Proximity - 49% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 36% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Telephone - 54% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 33% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Time Pressure - 40% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions - 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 72% responded “40 hours.”
  • Exposed to High Places - 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 32% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 31% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
  • Electronic Mail - 45% responded “Every day.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 34% responded “Every day.”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures - 28% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions - 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting - 27% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Letters and Memos - 41% responded “Every day.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 41% responded “Important.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 39% responded “Very important.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling - 48% responded “Less than half the time.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
37%High school diploma or equivalent
30%Post-secondary certificate
15%Less than high school diploma

Work Styles

  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $18.11 hourly, $37,670 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 1,433,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Average (5% to 9%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 154,700

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