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Occupation Information
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SOC Code: 51-9071.01

Fabricate and repair jewelry articles. Make models or molds to create jewelry items.

Sample of reported job titles: Bench Jeweler, Earrings Fabricator, Gemologist, Goldsmith, Jeweler


  • Smooth soldered joints and rough spots, using hand files and emery paper, and polish smoothed areas with polishing wheels or buffing wire.
  • Position stones and metal pieces, and set, mount, and secure items in place, using setting and hand tools.
  • Create jewelry from materials such as gold, silver, platinum, and precious or semiprecious stones.
  • Make repairs, such as enlarging or reducing ring sizes, soldering pieces of jewelry together, and replacing broken clasps and mountings.
  • Clean and polish metal items and jewelry pieces, using jewelers' tools, polishing wheels, and chemical baths.
  • Select and acquire metals and gems for designs.
  • Compute costs of labor and materials in order to determine production costs of products and articles.
  • Mark and drill holes in jewelry mountings in order to center stones according to design specifications.
  • Examine assembled or finished products to ensure conformance to specifications, using magnifying glasses or precision measuring instruments.
  • Construct preliminary models of wax, metal, clay, or plaster, and form sample castings in molds.
  • Pour molten metal alloys or other materials into molds in order to cast models of jewelry.
  • Cut, shape, and smooth gemstones, pearls, and metal pieces, using abrasives, grinding stones, and power and hand tools.
  • Soften metal to be used in designs by heating it with a gas torch and shape it, using hammers and dies.
  • Determine appraised values of diamonds and other gemstones based on price guides, market fluctuations, and stone grades and rarity.
  • Alter existing jewelry mountings in order to reposition jewels or to adjust mountings.
  • Grade stones based on their color, perfection, and quality of cut.
  • Plate articles such as jewelry pieces and watch dials, using silver, gold, nickel, or other metals.
  • Write or modify design specifications such as the metal contents and weights of items.
  • Create new jewelry designs and modify existing designs, using computers as necessary.
  • Examine gemstone surfaces and internal structures to evaluate genuineness, quality, and value, using polariscopes, refractometers, and other optical instruments.
  • Buy and sell jewelry, or serve as agents between buyers and sellers.
  • Record the weights and processing times of finished pieces.
  • Lay out designs on metal stock, and cut along markings to fabricate pieces used to cast metal molds.
  • Fabricate, modify, or repair jigs, fixtures, and hand tools such as scrapers, cutters, gougers, and shapers.
  • Mark, engrave, or emboss designs on metal pieces such as castings, wire, or jewelry, following specifications.
  • Cut designs in molds or other materials to be used as models in the fabrication of metal and jewelry products.
  • Design and fabricate molds, models, and machine accessories, and modify hand tools used to cast metal and jewelry pieces.
  • Research and analyze reference materials, and consult with interested parties in order to develop new products or modify existing designs.
  • Weigh, mix, and melt metal alloys or materials needed for jewelry models.
  • Remove mold castings from metal or jewelry workpieces, and place workpieces in water or on trays to cool.
  • Place metal samples in frames, pack raw rubber around samples, and clamp samples, frames, and rubber into vulcanizing machines.
  • Assemble and secure mold sections used to cast metal articles and pieces.

Technology Skills

  • Accounting software - Intuit QuickBooks
  • Computer aided design CAD software - Computer assisted jewelry design CAD software
  • Customer relationship management CRM software - Customer information databases
  • Data base user interface and query software - Retail management software
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Inventory management software - Inventory tracking software
  • Point of sale POS software - Jewelry store point of sale POS software

Tools Used

  • Abrasive stones - Grinding stones
  • Air compressors
  • Anodizing machine - Pen platers
  • Applicator brushes - Flux brushes
  • Awls - Awl sets
  • Ball peen hammer - Ball peen hammers
  • Battery testers
  • Bead accessories - Beading tools
  • Belt sander - Belt sanders
  • Bench refractometers or polarimeters - Bench refractometers
  • Bench scales - Digital scales
  • Bench vises - Mini bench vises
  • Binocular light compound microscopes - Gemological microscopes
  • Blow torch - Blow torches; Casting torches
  • Burnisher - Burnishing tools
  • Calipers - Digital calipers
  • Crimping pliers - Pocket crimpers
  • Cross and straight pein hammer - Chasing hammers
  • Curved nose pliers - Bent chain nose pliers
  • Dapping punches - Chasing tools; Dapping tools
  • Diagonal cut pliers - Diagonal cutters; Flush cutters
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge - Dial gauges
  • Drill press or radial drill - Drill presses
  • End cut pliers - Oblique end cutters; Side cutters
  • Engravers - Engraving tools; Pneumatic gravers
  • Engraving machines - Engraving blocks
  • Flat nose pliers
  • Fume hoods or cupboards - Fume hoods
  • Hammers - Embossing hammers; Fretz hammers; Texture hammers
  • Hand reamer - Bead reamers
  • Jewel appraising tester - Diamond testers; Gem gauges
  • Jeweler scissors - Jewelry scissors
  • Jewellers pliers - Jewelers' chain-nose pliers; Split ring pliers; Tweezer nose pliers; Wire looping pliers (see all 20 examples)
  • Jewelry mandrels
  • Knurling tool - Milgrain machines; Milgrain tools
  • Laboratory hotplates - Electric hot plates
  • Laser welding machine - Laser welders
  • Light boxes
  • Loupes - Jeweler's loupes
  • Magnifiers - Handheld magnifiers
  • Mallets
  • Mechanical or ultrasonic metal cleaner - Ultrasonic cleaners
  • Metal cutters - Micro bevel cutters; Ring cutters
  • Mini pliers - Micro pliers
  • Paint brushes - Sable brushes
  • Polariscopes
  • Power buffers - Polishing wheels
  • Power drills - Cordless power drills
  • Precision file - Hand files
  • Precision screwdriver - Precision screwdriver sets
  • Pressure or steam cleaners - Steam cleaners
  • Punching pliers - Hole punch pliers
  • Respirators
  • Ring sizers - Ring rollers; Ring sizing sets; Ring stretcher/reducers
  • Round nose pliers
  • Rulers - Precision rulers
  • Safety glasses - Eye protection
  • Scratch brushes
  • Shears - Mini shears
  • Soldering iron - Soldering guns
  • Stamping die - Metal stamping dies
  • Thickness measuring devices - Digital gauges
  • Tongs - Draw tongs
  • Tumblers or polishers - Bench top polishers; Magnetic tumblers; Polishing units
  • Tweezers - Mini tweezers; Plastic coated tweezers; Soldering tweezers; Utility tweezers (see all 8 examples)
  • Utility knives - Bench knives
  • Vacuum pumps
  • Watch or clock repair kits - Case presses; Watch hand removers
  • Wire brushes - Bristle brushes
  • Wire cutters - Wire cutting tools
  • Wire mills - Jump ring makers; Rolling mills


  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Sales and Marketing - Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.


  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Operations Analysis - Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.


  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Visual Color Discrimination - The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Mathematical Reasoning - The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.


  • Interest code: RA
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Work Context

  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 83% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 92% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 75% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 67% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Telephone - 63% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 61% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Time Pressure - 58% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 54% responded “Every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 52% responded “Every day.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 39% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 43% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 54% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Contact With Others - 33% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 35% responded “Very important results.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 71% responded “40 hours.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 39% responded “Every day.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 33% responded “Important.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions - 50% responded “Every day.”
  • Level of Competition - 38% responded “Highly competitive.”
  • Electronic Mail - 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Physical Proximity - 54% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 43% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 29% responded “Very important.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 42% responded “Every day.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 33% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Consequence of Error - 30% responded “Not serious at all.”
  • Letters and Memos - 25% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 33% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 33% responded “Very important.”


Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
33%High school diploma or equivalent
33%Post-secondary certificate
17%Less than high school diploma

Work Styles

  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Work Values

  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $18.25 hourly, $37,960 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 38,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Decline (-2% or lower)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 3,500

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