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Home Health Aides
SOC Code: 31-1011.00

Provide routine individualized healthcare such as changing bandages and dressing wounds, and applying topical medications to the elderly, convalescents, or persons with disabilities at the patient's home or in a care facility. Monitor or report changes in health status. May also provide personal care such as bathing, dressing, and grooming of patient.

Sample of reported job titles: Caregiver, Certified Home Health Aide (CHHA), Certified Medical Aide (CMA), Certified Nurses Aide (CNA), Home Attendant, Home Care Aide, Home Health Aide (HHA), Home Health Provider, Hospice/Home Health Aide, In Home Caregiver

Tasks

  • Maintain records of patient care, condition, progress, or problems to report and discuss observations with supervisor or case manager.
  • Provide patients with help moving in and out of beds, baths, wheelchairs, or automobiles and with dressing and grooming.
  • Bathe patients.
  • Care for patients by changing bed linens, washing and ironing laundry, cleaning, or assisting with their personal care.
  • Entertain, converse with, or read aloud to patients to keep them mentally healthy and alert.
  • Plan, purchase, prepare, or serve meals to patients or other family members, according to prescribed diets.
  • Check patients' pulse, temperature, and respiration.
  • Provide patients and families with emotional support and instruction in areas such as caring for infants, preparing healthy meals, living independently, or adapting to disability or illness.
  • Perform a variety of duties as requested by client, such as obtaining household supplies or running errands.
  • Direct patients in simple prescribed exercises or in the use of braces or artificial limbs.
  • Massage patients or apply preparations or treatments, such as liniment, alcohol rubs, or heat-lamp stimulation.
  • Administer prescribed oral medications, under the written direction of physician or as directed by home care nurse or aide, and ensure patients take their medicine.
  • Care for children who are disabled or who have sick or disabled parents.
  • Accompany clients to doctors' offices or on other trips outside the home, providing transportation, assistance, and companionship.
  • Change dressings.

Technology Skills

  • Customer relationship management CRM software - Salesforce software
  • Data base reporting software - Mi-Co software
  • Data base user interface and query software - Microsoft Access ; Oracle software
  • Electronic mail software - Microsoft Outlook
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software - SAP software
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Medical software - AIG OASIS
  • Object or component oriented development software - Python
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software - Linux ; Microsoft Windows ; UNIX
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Project management software - Microsoft SharePoint
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Abdominal binders
  • Blanket frames or lifters - Foot boards
  • Canes or cane accessories - Canes
  • Crutches or crutch accessories - Crutches
  • Desktop computers
  • Electronic blood pressure units - Electronic blood pressure cuffs
  • Enema kits or accessories - Enema equipment
  • Extremities cradles - Bed cradles
  • Glucose monitors or meters - Glucometers
  • Home care ventilators
  • Knee brace or support - Knee braces
  • Lower extremity prosthetic devices
  • Medical heat lamps or accessories - Heat lamps
  • Mercury blood pressure units - Manual blood pressure cuffs
  • Notebook computers
  • Ostomy appliances - Ostomy bags
  • Oxygen therapy delivery system products accessories or its supplies - Oxygen equipment
  • Patient lifts or accessories - Hoyer lifts; Patient lifters
  • Patient stabilization or fall prevention devices or accessories - Gait belts; Restraints
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers - Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Shower or bath chairs or seats for the physically challenged - Bathtub seats
  • Therapeutic ice packs or pillows - Ice caps; Ice collars
  • Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation units - Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment
  • Upper extremity prosthetic devices
  • Urinalysis test strips
  • Vascular or compression apparel or support - Anti-embolism elastic stockings
  • Walkers or rollators - Walkers
  • Walking braces
  • Wheelchairs

Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Skills

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Abilities

  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Time Sharing - The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Interests

  • Interest code: SR
    • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Work Context

  • Contact With Others - 77% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Physical Proximity - 80% responded “Very close (near touching).”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 52% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 58% responded “Every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 66% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 51% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 41% responded “Very important results.”
  • Telephone - 40% responded “Every day.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 36% responded “Very important.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 51% responded “Every day.”
  • Consequence of Error - 44% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 29% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 41% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 38% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 32% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections - 42% responded “Every day.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 28% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Time Pressure - 40% responded “Every day.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 29% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 39% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 29% responded “Less than half the time.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 54% responded “Every day.”
  • Letters and Memos - 33% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 30% responded “Continually or almost continually.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
63%High school diploma or equivalent
21%Post-secondary certificate
9%Associate's degree

Work Styles

  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Work Values

  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $11.16 hourly, $23,210 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 912,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Much faster than average (15% or higher)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 168,600

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