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Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand
SOC Code: 51-9022.00

Grind, sand, or polish, using hand tools or hand-held power tools, a variety of metal, wood, stone, clay, plastic, or glass objects. Includes chippers, buffers, and finishers.

Sample of reported job titles: Buffer, Casting Finisher, Chipper, Deburring Technician, Finisher, Grinder, Jewelry Polisher, Knife Grinder, Metal Finisher, Polisher

Tasks

  • Grind, sand, clean, or polish objects or parts to correct defects or to prepare surfaces for further finishing, using hand tools and power tools.
  • Verify quality of finished workpieces by inspecting them, comparing them to templates, measuring their dimensions, or testing them in working machinery.
  • Move controls to adjust, start, or stop equipment during grinding and polishing processes.
  • Remove completed workpieces from equipment or work tables, using hand tools, and place workpieces in containers.
  • Measure and mark equipment, objects, or parts to ensure grinding and polishing standards are met.
  • Transfer equipment, objects, or parts to specified work areas, using moving devices.
  • Trim, scrape, or deburr objects or parts, using chisels, scrapers, and other hand tools and equipment.
  • Repair and maintain equipment, objects, or parts, using hand tools.
  • File grooved, contoured, and irregular surfaces of metal objects, such as metalworking dies and machine parts, to conform to templates, other parts, layouts, or blueprint specifications.
  • Mark defects, such as knotholes, cracks, and splits, for repair.
  • Study blueprints or layouts to determine how to lay out workpieces or saw out templates.
  • Sharpen abrasive grinding tools, using machines and hand tools.
  • Load and adjust workpieces onto equipment or work tables, using hand tools.
  • Fill cracks or imperfections in marble with wax that matches the stone color.
  • Record product and processing data on specified forms.
  • Select files or other abrasives, according to materials, sizes and shapes of workpieces, amount of stock to be removed, finishes specified, and steps in finishing processes.
  • Apply solutions and chemicals to equipment, objects, or parts, using hand tools.

Technology Skills

  • Data base user interface and query software - Data entry software
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Abrasive polishers - Orbit polishers
  • Angle grinder - Angle grinders
  • Belt sander - Belt sanders
  • Cleaning scrapers
  • Cold chisels - Flat cold chisels
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge - Dial indicators
  • Height gauges - Digital height gauges
  • Hole gauge - Dial bore gauges
  • Micrometers - Digital micrometers
  • Orbital sander - Orbital sanders
  • Pneumatic grinders - Air grinders
  • Power buffers - Buffing wheels; Orbital buffers; Tire buffers
  • Power chippers
  • Power grinders - Finishers; Straight grinders
  • Power sanders - Electric sander-polishers; Pad sanders
  • Precision file - Precision file sets
  • Surface testers - Profile meters
  • Tape measures - Measuring tapes
  • Wire brushes - File cards

Knowledge

  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

Skills

  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
  • Equipment Maintenance - Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  • Repairing - Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
  • Troubleshooting - Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Visual Color Discrimination - The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.

Interests

  • Interest code: RC
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 95% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 71% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 76% responded “Every day.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 64% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 45% responded “Very important.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 53% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 43% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Time Pressure - 41% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 54% responded “Every day.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 37% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 62% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 30% responded “Very important.”
  • Contact With Others - 45% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 60% responded “40 hours.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 33% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 61% responded “Every day.”
  • Physical Proximity - 50% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 30% responded “Limited freedom.”
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment - 33% responded “Very important.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 30% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 45% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 38% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 47% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 35% responded “Fairly important.”
  • Level of Competition - 44% responded “Moderately competitive.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 43% responded “Important results.”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures - 30% responded “Every day.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
39%High school diploma or equivalent
34%Less than high school diploma
11%Post-secondary certificate

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $13.86 hourly, $28,830 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 27,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Decline (-2% or lower)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 2,100

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