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Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
SOC Code: 51-4022.00

Set up, operate, or tend forging machines to taper, shape, or form metal or plastic parts.

Sample of reported job titles: Blacksmith, Cold Header Operator, Forge Operator, Forge Press Operator, Forger, Hammer Operator, Header Set-Up Operator, Machine Operator, Process Technician, Set Up Technician

Tasks

  • Read work orders or blueprints to determine specified tolerances and sequences of operations for machine setup.
  • Position and move metal wires or workpieces through a series of dies that compress and shape stock to form die impressions.
  • Measure and inspect machined parts to ensure conformance to product specifications.
  • Set up, operate, or tend presses and forging machines to perform hot or cold forging by flattening, straightening, bending, cutting, piercing, or other operations to taper, shape, or form metal.
  • Turn handles or knobs to set pressures and depths of ram strokes and to synchronize machine operations.
  • Install, adjust, and remove dies, synchronizing cams, forging hammers, and stop guides, using overhead cranes or other hoisting devices, and hand tools.
  • Start machines to produce sample workpieces, and observe operations to detect machine malfunctions and to verify that machine setups conform to specifications.
  • Confer with other workers about machine setups and operational specifications.
  • Trim and compress finished forgings to specified tolerances.
  • Remove dies from machines when production runs are finished.
  • Repair, maintain, and replace parts on dies.
  • Select, align, and bolt positioning fixtures, stops, and specified dies to rams and anvils, forging rolls, or presses and hammers.
  • Sharpen cutting tools and drill bits, using bench grinders.

Technology Skills

  • Data base user interface and query software - Data entry software
  • Electronic mail software - Email software
  • Industrial control software - Machine control software
  • Inventory management software - Inventory tracking software

Tools Used

  • Air hammer forging machine - Hammer forging machinery
  • Anvils - Portable anvils
  • Belt conveyors - Automatic conveyors
  • Bench grinder - Bench grinders
  • Calipers - Vernier calipers
  • Drill press or radial drill - Drill presses; Punch presses; Stationary drill presses; Turret punches
  • Drop hammer forging machine - Hydraulic drop forging hammers
  • Ear plugs - Protective ear plugs
  • Facial shields - Face shields
  • Feeler gauges - Tapered feeler gauges
  • Forge die - Forging dies
  • Furnaces - Gas furnaces; Oil furnaces
  • Goggles - Safety goggles
  • Hammers - Planishing hammers
  • Hoists - Hoisting devices
  • Hydraulic press brake - Flanging machines; Sheet metal press brakes; Sheet metal rolls
  • Impression and closed die forging press - Hydraulic forging presses; Mechanical forging presses
  • Magnifying glass - Magnifying glasses
  • Mallets - Hand mallets
  • Metal band sawing machine - Metal band sawing machines
  • Metal cutters - Band cutters
  • Metal shearing machine - Blanking presses; Sheet metal shearing machines
  • Micrometers - Digital micrometers
  • Nibblers - Power nibblers
  • Overhead crane - Electric overhead traveling EOT cranes
  • Pneumatic drill - Pneumatic power drills
  • Power grinders - Disc grinders
  • Power riveter - Power riveters
  • Power routers - Metal cutting routers; Variable speed routers
  • Power sanders
  • Protective gloves - Safety gloves
  • Protractors - Bevel protractors
  • Radius gauge - Radial gauges
  • Roll forging machines - Automatic roll forging machines; Hydraulic roll forging machines
  • Rulers - Precision rulers
  • Safety shoes - Protective shoes
  • Screwdrivers - Slotted screwdrivers
  • Shears
  • Squares - Layout squares
  • Tinners snips - Straight tinners snips
  • Tongs - Forging tongs
  • Torque wrenches - Beam type torque wrenches
  • Trim press - Hydraulic trim presses

Knowledge

  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

Skills

  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Abilities

  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Reaction Time - The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
  • Auditory Attention - The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Rate Control - The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.

Interests

  • Interest code: RCI
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 83% responded “Every day.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 74% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Time Pressure - 53% responded “Every day.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 71% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 50% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 56% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Contact With Others - 58% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 52% responded “Important results.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 17% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 45% responded “High responsibility.”
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment - 70% responded “Every day.”
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment - 52% responded “Very important.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 57% responded “Very important.”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures - 53% responded “Every day.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 41% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 37% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings - 23% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 48% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 37% responded “Important.”
  • Physical Proximity - 47% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 38% responded “Very important.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 28% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Consequence of Error - 36% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 55% responded “Limited freedom.”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running - 32% responded “About half the time.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 26% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 50% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
82%High school diploma or equivalent
18%Less than high school diploma

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $18.58 hourly, $38,650 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 19,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Decline (-2% or lower)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 1,400

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