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Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles
SOC Code: 47-2042.00

Apply blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing, sound-deadening, or decorative coverings to floors.

Sample of reported job titles: Floor Covering Contractor, Floor Coverings Installer, Floor Layer, Flooring Helper, Flooring Installer, Flooring Mechanic, Tile Installer, Tile Setter, Vinyl Installer


  • Sweep, scrape, sand, or chip dirt and irregularities to clean base surfaces, correcting imperfections that may show through the covering.
  • Cut flooring material to fit around obstructions.
  • Inspect surface to be covered to ensure that it is firm and dry.
  • Trim excess covering materials, tack edges, and join sections of covering material to form tight joint.
  • Form a smooth foundation by stapling plywood or Masonite over the floor or by brushing waterproof compound onto surface and filling cracks with plaster, putty, or grout to seal pores.
  • Measure and mark guidelines on surfaces or foundations, using chalk lines and dividers.
  • Cut covering and foundation materials, according to blueprints and sketches.
  • Roll and press sheet wall and floor covering into cement base to smooth and finish surface, using hand roller.
  • Apply adhesive cement to floor or wall material to join and adhere foundation material.
  • Determine traffic areas and decide location of seams.
  • Lay out, position, and apply shock-absorbing, sound-deadening, or decorative coverings to floors, walls, and cabinets, following guidelines to keep courses straight and create designs.
  • Remove excess cement to clean finished surface.
  • Disconnect and remove appliances, light fixtures, and worn floor and wall covering from floors, walls, and cabinets.
  • Heat and soften floor covering materials to patch cracks or fit floor coverings around irregular surfaces, using blowtorch.

Technology Skills

  • Computer aided design CAD software - Project visualization software
  • Data base user interface and query software - Aya Associates Comp-U-Floor; Flooring Technologies Qfloors; Focus Floor Covering Software; Textile Management Systems RollMaster
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Inventory management software - Radio frequency identification RFID software
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Project management software - CPR Software FloorCOST Estimator for Excel; Measure Square FloorEstimate Pro; On Center On-Screen Takeoff; Saltire Software FloorRight

Tools Used

  • Abrasive stones - Grinding stones
  • Awls - Scratch awls
  • Blow torch - Butane torches
  • Carts - Material carts
  • Caulking guns - Floor caulking guns
  • Chalk lines - Chalk line markers
  • Claw hammer - Claw hammers
  • Cold chisels - Grooving tools
  • Concrete spreaders - Gauge rakes; Screeds
  • Dollies - Linoleum dollies; Material dollies
  • Edgers - Hand groovers
  • Floats - Concrete floats; Grout floats; Tapping blocks
  • Floor polishers - Floor polishing machines
  • Floor scrapers - Floor stripping machines; Razor floor scrapers
  • Glue guns - Adhesive syringes; Electric glue guns
  • Hacksaw - Hacksaws
  • Hammers - Nail driving bars
  • Hand clamps - Claw clamps
  • Heat guns - Heat welding nozzles; Hot air guns
  • Hold down clamps - Strap clamps; Wall spacers
  • Knife blades - Quarter moon knives
  • Laminate file - Laminate files
  • Laser measuring systems - Handheld distance meters
  • Levels - Bubble levels
  • Metal cutters - Aviation snips
  • Moisture meters - Humidity measurement equipment
  • Nibblers - Vinyl tile cutters
  • Paint mixers - Power mixers
  • Personal computers
  • Plasma arc welding machine - Automatic plasma arc welding machines
  • Power grinders - Concrete floor grinders
  • Power nail guns - Pneumatic coil nailers
  • Power routers - Power groovers
  • Power sanders - Floor sanders
  • Power saws - Undercut saws
  • Power screwguns - Flooring screw guns
  • Protective knee pads - Flooring knee pads
  • Pry bars - Base molding lifters; Pinch bars; Pull bars
  • Pullers - Staple removers
  • Razor knives - Broad knives; Dolphin knives; Skiving knives
  • Rubber mallet - Rubber mallets
  • Safety glasses - Protective safety glasses
  • Saws - Pull saws
  • Scribers - Bar scribers; Scoring knives; Vinyl scribers
  • Shears - Cove base shears; Guillotine shears; Laminate shears
  • Sliders - Appliance sliders
  • Slings - Moving straps
  • Spatulas - Adhesive spreaders
  • Sponges - Grout sponges
  • Squares - Laser squares; Layout squares
  • Staple guns - Flooring staplers; Hammer tackers; Underlayment staplers
  • Straight edges - Steel straightedges
  • Tape measures - Measuring tapes
  • Templates - Corner templates
  • Tile cutter - Tile cutters
  • Trowels - Notched trowels
  • Utility knives - Flooring edge cutters; Flooring utility knives; Linoleum knives
  • Wallpaper roller - Hand rollers; Linoleum rollers
  • Wedges - Adjustable wedges


  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.


  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.


  • Extent Flexibility - The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.


  • Interest code: RC
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 99% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 89% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Contact With Others
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 29% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 11% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 30% responded “Important results.”
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 28% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 11% responded “Important.”
  • Telephone - 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 16% responded “Less than half the time.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 12% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 16% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 39% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment - 12% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
  • Physical Proximity
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 13% responded “Very important.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 20% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 42% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 40% responded “Important.”
  • Time Pressure - 53% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 41% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable


Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
90%High school diploma or equivalent
6%Less than high school diploma
4%Post-secondary certificate

Work Styles

  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $19.25 hourly, $40,040 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 16,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Faster than average (10% to 14%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 1,600

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