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Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators
SOC Code: 27-1013.00

Create original artwork using any of a wide variety of media and techniques.

Sample of reported job titles: Artist, Automotive Artist, Blacksmith, Fine Artist, Ice Carver, Illustrator, Muralist, Painter, Portrait Artist, Sculptor

Tasks

  • Use materials such as pens and ink, watercolors, charcoal, oil, or computer software to create artwork.
  • Integrate and develop visual elements, such as line, space, mass, color, and perspective, to produce desired effects, such as the illustration of ideas, emotions, or moods.
  • Confer with clients, editors, writers, art directors, and other interested parties regarding the nature and content of artwork to be produced.
  • Maintain portfolios of artistic work to demonstrate styles, interests, and abilities.
  • Market artwork through brochures, mailings, or Web sites.
  • Study different techniques to learn how to apply them to artistic endeavors.
  • Monitor events, trends, and other circumstances, research specific subject areas, attend art exhibitions, and read art publications to develop ideas and keep current on art world activities.
  • Photograph objects, places, or scenes for reference material.
  • Model substances such as clay or wax, using fingers and small hand tools to form objects.
  • Create sculptures, statues, and other three-dimensional artwork by using abrasives and tools to shape, carve, and fabricate materials such as clay, stone, wood, or metal.
  • Set up exhibitions of artwork for display or sale.
  • Render drawings, illustrations, and sketches of buildings, manufactured products, or models, working from sketches, blueprints, memory, models, or reference materials.
  • Shade and fill in sketch outlines and backgrounds, using a variety of media such as water colors, markers, and transparent washes, labeling designated colors when necessary.
  • Frame and mat artwork for display or sale.
  • Submit artwork to shows or galleries.
  • Submit preliminary or finished artwork or project plans to clients for approval, incorporating changes as necessary.
  • Study styles, techniques, colors, textures, and materials used in works undergoing restoration to ensure consistency during the restoration process.
  • Collaborate with engineers, mechanics, and other technical experts as necessary to build and install creations.
  • Cut, bend, laminate, arrange, and fasten individual or mixed raw and manufactured materials and products to form works of art.
  • Develop project budgets for approval, estimating time lines and material costs.
  • Create and prepare sketches and model drawings of cartoon characters, providing details from memory, live models, manufactured products, or reference materials.
  • Create finished art work as decoration, or to elucidate or substitute for spoken or written messages.
  • Create sketches, profiles, or likenesses of posed subjects or photographs, using any combination of freehand drawing, mechanical assembly kits, and computer imaging.
  • Trace drawings onto clear acetate for painting or coloring, or trace them with ink to make final copies.
  • Apply solvents and cleaning agents to clean surfaces of paintings, and to remove accretions, discolorations, and deteriorated varnish.
  • Collaborate with writers who create ideas, stories, or captions that are combined with artists' work.
  • Brush or spray protective or decorative finishes on completed background panels, informational legends, exhibit accessories, or finished paintings.
  • Teach artistic techniques to children or adults.

Technology Skills

  • Accounting software - Intuit QuickBooks
  • Computer aided design CAD software - Autodesk 3D Studio Design; Autodesk AutoCAD ; Dassault Systemes CATIA ; Trimble SketchUp Pro
  • Configuration management software - Perforce Helix software
  • Data base user interface and query software - ArtScope.net eArtist; Camp Software Art Licensing Manager; FileMaker Bento; GYST
  • Desktop publishing software - Adobe Systems Adobe FrameMaker; Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign
  • Development environment software - Adobe Systems Adobe ActionScript
  • Document management software - Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat ; Code Line Art Files
  • Electronic mail software - Email software
  • Enterprise application integration software - Extensible markup language XML
  • Graphics or photo imaging software - Adobe Systems Adobe Creative Cloud ; Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator ; Paintbrush; Xara Designer Pro X (see all 15 examples)
  • Instant messaging software - Twitter
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Object or component oriented development software - C# ; C++ ; Python
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Point of sale POS software - Credit card processing software
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Project management software - WorkingArtist Systems WorkingArtist
  • Video creation and editing software - Adobe Systems Adobe AfterEffects
  • Web page creation and editing software - Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver ; Facebook
  • Web platform development software - Hypertext markup language HTML ; JavaScript
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Anatomical models - Bust armatures; Figure armature systems; Head armatures
  • Angle grinder - Angle grinders
  • Artist knives - Encaustic scrapers
  • Bench scales - Digital scales
  • Blow torch - Oxyacetylene torches
  • Calipers - Digital calipers
  • Camera flashes or lighting - Remote firing flashes; Stationary lighting systems; Strobe flashes
  • Camera lens - Camera lenses
  • Camera lens filter - Lens filters
  • Camera tripods - Photography tripods
  • Clay or modeling tools - Clay cutters; Sculpting thumbs; Slab rollers; Thin line sculpting tools (see all 25 examples)
  • Developing tongs - Printing tongs
  • Developing trays - Processing trays
  • Digital cameras - Single lens reflex SLR cameras
  • Drying cabinets or ovens - Drying cabinets
  • Extruders for modeling materials - Handheld clay extruders
  • Film squeegee - Print squeegees
  • Fountain pens - Artists' fountain pens
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus - Brazing tools
  • Grinding machines - Ball mills
  • Hammers - Bush hammers
  • Handheld thermometer - Digital thermometers
  • Hydrometers - Digital hydrometers
  • Kiln accessories for firing ceramics - Kiln oxygen probes; Kiln ventilation hoods
  • Kiln furniture - Ceramic bead bars; Kiln carts
  • Kilns for firing ceramics - Electric kilns; Gas kilns; Pottery kilns; Raku kilns (see all 5 examples)
  • Laboratory graduated cylinders - Graduated measuring cylinders
  • Laser printers - Photo quality computer printers
  • Masks or accessories - Dust masks
  • Mat cutter - Mat cutters
  • Metal inert gas welding machine - Metal inert gas MIG welders
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Paint sprayers - Paint spray guns
  • Palette knives - Artists' palette knives
  • Palettes for paint or ink mixing - Artists' palettes
  • Personal computers
  • Photographic enlargers - Photo enlargers
  • Photographic timer - Enlarger timers
  • Plasma cutting machine - Plasma cutters
  • Pneumatic hammer - Pneumatic chisels
  • Potters wheels for hand made ceramics - Electric potters wheels; Kick wheels
  • Power grinders - Die grinders
  • Power sanders
  • Power saws - Electric saws
  • Protective gloves - Heat resistant gloves
  • Pyrometers - Digital pyrometers
  • Rasps - Riffler rasps; Steel rasps
  • Rock cutters - Stone saws
  • Safety glasses - Protective safety glasses
  • Sand blasting machine - Sandblasting guns
  • Scanners - Computer data input scanners
  • Sharpening stones or tools or kits - Tool sharpening stones
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine - Shielded arc welders
  • Spatulas - Encaustic spatulas
  • Specialty brushes - Acrylic paintbrushes; Oil paintbrushes; Sumi paintbrushes
  • Spirit burners - Alcohol lamps
  • Stonemason chisel - Hand chisels; Stone carving chisels; Stone carving knives
  • Tablet computers
  • Thermocouples - Theromcouples
  • Tile cutter - Tile cutters
  • Tongs - Dipping tongs; Raku tongs
  • Triple beam balances - Triple beam scales
  • Utility knives - Linoleum cutters
  • Viscosimeters - Digital viscosometers
  • Watercolor brushes - Watercolor paintbrushes
  • Welding masks - Welding facial shields
  • Wood chisels - Wood carving chisels; Wood carving skews
  • Wood gouge - Wood carving gouges
  • Wood mannequins - 23

Knowledge

  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Fine Arts - Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Skills

  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Abilities

  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Visual Color Discrimination - The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Interests

  • Interest code: AR
    • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Work Context

  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 86% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 84% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 81% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 14% responded “Never.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 27% responded “Important.”
  • Electronic Mail - 14% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 27% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Telephone - 29% responded “Every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 41% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 21% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Time Pressure - 32% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 34% responded “Every day.”
  • Contact With Others - 29% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 43% responded “No results.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 14% responded “Continually or almost continually.”

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Work Values

  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $23.81 hourly, $49,520 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 28,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Average (5% to 9%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 2,400

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