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Exercise Physiologists
SOC Code: 29-1128.00

Assess, plan, or implement fitness programs that include exercise or physical activities such as those designed to improve cardiorespiratory function, body composition, muscular strength, muscular endurance, or flexibility.

Sample of reported job titles: Bariatric Weight Loss Clinic Manager and Counselor; Cardiac Rehabilitation Program Director; Clinical Coordinator, Heart Failure Cardiac Rehabilitation; Clinical Exercise Physiologist; Clinical Exercise Specialist; Coordinator Cardiopulmonary Services; Director of Cardiac Rehabilitation; Director of Rehabilitation and Wellness; Exercise Physiologist; Exercise Physiologist, Lifestyle and Weight Management Consultant

Tasks

  • Develop exercise programs to improve participant strength, flexibility, endurance, or circulatory functioning, in accordance with exercise science standards, regulatory requirements, and credentialing requirements.
  • Prescribe individualized exercise programs, specifying equipment such as treadmill, exercise bicycle, ergometers, or perceptual goggles.
  • Interpret exercise program participant data to evaluate progress or identify needed program changes.
  • Explain exercise program or physiological testing procedures to participants.
  • Provide emergency or other appropriate medical care to participants with symptoms or signs of physical distress.
  • Provide clinical oversight of exercise for participants at all risk levels.
  • Demonstrate correct use of exercise equipment or performance of exercise routines.
  • Interview participants to obtain medical history or assess participant goals.
  • Recommend methods to increase lifestyle physical activity.
  • Assess physical performance requirements to aid in the development of individualized recovery or rehabilitation exercise programs.
  • Conduct stress tests, using electrocardiograph (EKG) machines.
  • Teach group exercise for low-, medium-, or high-risk clients to improve participant strength, flexibility, endurance, or circulatory functioning.
  • Teach courses or seminars related to exercise or diet for patients, athletes, or community groups.
  • Plan or conduct exercise physiology research projects.
  • Measure amount of body fat, using such equipment as hydrostatic scale, skinfold calipers, or tape measures.
  • Teach behavior modification classes related to topics such as stress management or weight control.
  • Calibrate exercise or testing equipment.
  • Supervise maintenance of exercise or exercise testing equipment.
  • Measure oxygen consumption or lung functioning, using spirometers.
  • Educate athletes or coaches on techniques to improve athletic performance, such as heart rate monitoring, recovery techniques, hydration strategies, or training limits.
  • Present exercise knowledge, program information, or research study findings at professional meetings or conferences.
  • Order or recommend diagnostic procedures, such as stress tests, drug screenings, or urinary tests.
  • Mentor or train staff to lead group exercise.
  • Perform routine laboratory tests of blood samples for cholesterol level or glucose tolerance.
  • Evaluate staff performance in leading group exercise or conducting diagnostic tests.

Technology Skills

  • Electronic mail software - Email software; Microsoft Outlook
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Medical software - MEDITECH software
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles - Automated external defibrillators AED
  • Body plethysmographs - Whole body air plethysmography systems
  • Bodyweight measuring scales - Underwater weighing tanks
  • Calorimeters - Metabolic carts
  • Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories - Heart rate monitors
  • Cardiac ultrasound or doppler or echo units or cardioscopes - Echocardiography systems
  • Cholesterol monitors or meters - Cholesterol analyzers
  • Climbing devices for rehabilitation or therapy - Stair climbers
  • Clock timers - Electronic timing systems
  • Cognitive or dexterity or perceptual or sensory evaluation or testing products - Perceptual goggles
  • Desktop computers
  • Dynamometers - Isokinetic dynamometers; Muscle strength dynamometers
  • Electrocardiography EKG transmitter or telemetry or accessories - Telemetry units
  • Electrocardiography EKG units - Electrocardiography EKG machines
  • Electromyography EMG units or accessories - Electromyographs EMG
  • Electronic blood pressure units - Automated blood pressure measurement equipment
  • Goniometers
  • Grip strengthener - Hydraulic hand dynamometers
  • Impedance meters - Bioelectric impedance analyzers
  • Infrared spectrometers - Near infrared spectrometers
  • Intravenous infusion pumps for general use - Intravenous IV infusion pumps
  • Lactate analyzers
  • Long term continuous electrocardiography EKG or holter monitoring systems - Holter monitors
  • Mass spectrometers - Dual energy x ray absorptiometers
  • Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory - Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Mercury blood pressure units - Manual blood pressure equipment
  • Microcentrifuges - Microhematocrits
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Osmometers
  • Oxygen monitors or supplies - Oxygen analyzers
  • Patient floor scales - Patient weight scales
  • Pedometers
  • Personal computers
  • Photocopiers - Photocopying equipment
  • Pulse oximeter units - Pulse oximeters
  • Skinfold calipers
  • Special purpose telephones - Multi-line telephone systems
  • Spirometers or its accessories or its supplies - Electronic spirometers; Spirometers
  • Stationary bicycles - Cycle ergometers
  • Treadmills - Exercise treadmills
  • Urinalysis analyzers - Urine analysis equipment
  • Weights or sets or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy - Strength training equipment
  • Work tables or stations or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy - Arm crank ergometers

Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Sales and Marketing - Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

Skills

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
  • Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.

Interests

  • Interest code: SIR
    • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 96% responded “Every day.”
  • Electronic Mail - 82% responded “Every day.”
  • Contact With Others - 79% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 85% responded “Every day.”
  • Physical Proximity - 79% responded “Very close (near touching).”
  • Telephone - 70% responded “Every day.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 50% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 50% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 41% responded “Very important.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 39% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 46% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 54% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 36% responded “Moderate results.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 36% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 39% responded “Very important.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 37% responded “Very important.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 54% responded “40 hours.”
  • Letters and Memos - 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Consequence of Error - 39% responded “Fairly serious.”
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections - 36% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
  • Level of Competition - 43% responded “Moderately competitive.”
  • Time Pressure - 43% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 52% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Public Speaking - 39% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 44% responded “Moderate responsibility.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
57%Master's degree
32%Bachelor's degree
11%Post-baccalaureate certificate

Work Styles

  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Work Values

  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $23.60 hourly, $49,090 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 15,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Faster than average (10% to 14%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 1,100

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