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Occupation Information

Directors- Stage, Motion Pictures, Television, and Radio
SOC Code: 27-2012.02

Interpret script, conduct rehearsals, and direct activities of cast and technical crew for stage, motion pictures, television, or radio programs.

Sample of reported job titles: Artistic Director, Assistant Director, Associate Artistic Director, Director, News Production Supervisor, Newscast Director, Stage Manager, Technical Director, Television Director (TV Director), Television Newscast Director

Tasks

  • Supervise and coordinate the work of camera, lighting, design, and sound crew members.
  • Plan details such as framing, composition, camera movement, sound, and actor movement for each shot or scene.
  • Direct live broadcasts, films and recordings, or non-broadcast programming for public entertainment or education.
  • Confer with technical directors, managers, crew members, and writers to discuss details of production, such as photography, script, music, sets, and costumes.
  • Compile cue words and phrases and cue announcers, cast members, and technicians during performances.
  • Establish pace of programs and sequences of scenes according to time requirements and cast and set accessibility.
  • Identify and approve equipment and elements required for productions, such as scenery, lights, props, costumes, choreography, and music.
  • Consult with writers, producers, or actors about script changes or "workshop" scripts, through rehearsal with writers and actors to create final drafts.
  • Select plays or scripts for production and determine how material should be interpreted and performed.
  • Study and research scripts to determine how they should be directed.
  • Communicate to actors the approach, characterization, and movement needed for each scene in such a way that rehearsals and takes are minimized.
  • Collaborate with producers to hire crew members, such as art directors, cinematographers, and costumer designers.
  • Collaborate with film and sound editors during the post-production process as films are edited and soundtracks are added.
  • Create graphics for television broadcasts.
  • Choose settings and locations for films and determine how scenes will be shot in these settings.
  • Cut and edit film or tape to integrate component parts into desired sequences.
  • Interpret stage-set diagrams to determine stage layouts and supervise placement of equipment and scenery.
  • Confer with stage managers to arrange schedules for rehearsals, costume fittings, and sound or light development.
  • Hold auditions for parts or negotiate contracts with actors determined suitable for specific roles, working in conjunction with producers.
  • Compile scripts, program notes, and other material related to productions.
  • Review film daily to check on work in progress and to plan for future filming.
  • Create and approve storyboards in conjunction with art directors.
  • Promote and market productions by giving interviews, participating in talk shows, and making other public appearances.

Technology Skills

  • Enterprise application integration software - Extensible markup language XML
  • Graphics or photo imaging software - Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop ; Chyron CAMIO; Graphics creation software
  • Instant messaging software - Twitter
  • Music or sound editing software - Adobe Systems Adobe Audition; Avid Technology Pro Tools; MAGIX Software Sound Forge; Sony Vegas Pro (see all 5 examples)
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Video creation and editing software - Adobe Systems Adobe After Effects; Apple Final Cut Pro ; Avid Technology Media Composer; Avid Technology NewsCutter (see all 7 examples)
  • Web page creation and editing software - Content management systems CMS; Facebook
  • Web platform development software - Hypertext markup language HTML
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word ; Scripting software

Tools Used

  • Audio mixing consoles - Sound mixing equipment
  • Audio video console - Multimedia editing equipment
  • Camera controllers - Robotic cameras
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras - Digital video cameras
  • Electronic viewfinder - Lens finders
  • Media control systems - Grass Valley Ignite Automated Production System; Video switchers
  • Notebook computers
  • Oscilloscopes - Waveform monitors
  • Personal computers
  • Special purpose telephones - Multi-line telephone systems
  • Stage or projection or studio lighting system - Studio lighting systems
  • Tablet computers
  • Vectorscope - Vectorscopes
  • Video editors - Video editing equipment
  • Visual presenters - Teleprompters

Knowledge

  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Telecommunications - Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Fine Arts - Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Skills

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.

Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Time Sharing - The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Visual Color Discrimination - The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.

Interests

  • Interest code: EA
    • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
    • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Work Context

  • Electronic Mail - 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 99% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 82% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 77% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 81% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Time Pressure - 72% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 83% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 70% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 77% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 60% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Contact With Others - 47% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 49% responded “Important results.”
  • Telephone - 77% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks - 65% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 38% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 18% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 42% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Physical Proximity - 45% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
  • Level of Competition - 39% responded “Highly competitive.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 67% responded “40 hours.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 30% responded “About half the time.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 32% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Consequence of Error - 37% responded “Very serious.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 37% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
69%Bachelor's degree
15%Post-baccalaureate certificate
7%Some college, no degree

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Work Values

  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Recognition - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $34.43 hourly, $71,620 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 135,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Faster than average (10% to 14%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 14,100

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