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Counseling Psychologists
SOC Code: 19-3031.03

Assess and evaluate individuals' problems through the use of case history, interview, and observation and provide individual or group counseling services to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment.

Sample of reported job titles: Applied Behavior Science Specialist (ABSS), Chemical Dependency Therapist, Counseling Psychologist, Counseling Services Director, Counselor, Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC), Psychologist, Psychotherapist, Senior Staff Psychologist, Staff Psychologist

Tasks

  • Collect information about individuals or clients, using interviews, case histories, observational techniques, and other assessment methods.
  • Document patient information including session notes, progress notes, recommendations, and treatment plans.
  • Counsel individuals, groups, or families to help them understand problems, deal with crisis situations, define goals, and develop realistic action plans.
  • Develop therapeutic and treatment plans based on clients' interests, abilities, or needs.
  • Supervise interns, clinicians in training, and other counselors.
  • Advise clients on how they could be helped by counseling.
  • Analyze data, such as interview notes, test results, or reference manuals, to identify symptoms or to diagnose the nature of clients' problems.
  • Consult with other professionals, agencies, or universities to discuss therapies, treatments, counseling resources or techniques, and to share occupational information.
  • Evaluate the results of counseling methods to determine the reliability and validity of treatments.
  • Refer clients to specialists or to other institutions for noncounseling treatment of problems.
  • Provide consulting services, including educational programs, outreach programs, or prevention talks to schools, social service agencies, businesses, or the general public.
  • Select, administer, and interpret psychological tests to assess intelligence, aptitudes, abilities, or interests.

Technology Skills

  • Accounting software - MPMsoft billing
  • Analytical or scientific software - Comprehensive Affect Testing System CATS; Noldus Information Technology The Observer; Statistical software; Testing software
  • Calendar and scheduling software - SpectraSoft AppointmentsPRO; Thriveworks TherapyBuddy
  • Data base user interface and query software - O*NET OnLine
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Medical software - Athena Software Penelope Case Management; ICANotes; Trinity Software Solutions BEACON; UNI/CARE Pro-Filer (see all 36 examples)
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Spreadsheet software - Google Sheets; Microsoft Excel
  • Word processing software - Google Docs; Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Desktop computers
  • Electromyography EMG units or accessories - Biofeedback equipment
  • High capacity removable media drives - Universal serial bus USB flash drives
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Tablet computers

Knowledge

  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

Skills

  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  • Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.

Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.

Interests

  • Interest code: SIA
    • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
    • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 91% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 98% responded “Every day.”
  • Electronic Mail - 88% responded “Every day.”
  • Telephone - 86% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 79% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Contact With Others - 69% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 69% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 72% responded “Every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 22% responded “Important results.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 39% responded “Very important.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 60% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Letters and Memos - 41% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Time Pressure - 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Consequence of Error - 38% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 24% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 71% responded “Important.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 40% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People - 46% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 63% responded “40 hours.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 31% responded “Moderate responsibility.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
40%Post-doctoral training
27%Master's degree
25%Doctoral degree

Work Styles

  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Work Values

  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $36.10 hourly, $75,090 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 148,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Faster than average (10% to 14%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 12,100

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