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Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
SOC Code: 51-9121.00

Set up, operate, or tend machines to coat or paint any of a wide variety of products, including glassware, cloth, ceramics, metal, plastic, paper, or wood, with lacquer, silver, copper, rubber, varnish, glaze, enamel, oil, or rust-proofing materials.

Sample of reported job titles: Coater Operator, Hand Sprayer, Industrial Painter, Machine Operator, Paint Technician, Painter, Powder Coater, Press Operator, Silk Screen Operator, Spray Painter

Tasks

  • Select appropriate coatings, paints, or sprays, or prepare them by mixing substances according to formulas, using automated paint mixing equipment.
  • Hold or position spray guns to direct spray onto articles.
  • Fill hoppers, reservoirs, troughs, or pans with material used to coat, paint, or spray, using conveyors or pails.
  • Start and stop operation of machines, using levers or buttons.
  • Determine paint flow, viscosity, and coating quality by performing visual inspections, or by using viscometers.
  • Attach hoses or nozzles to machines, using wrenches and pliers, and make adjustments to obtain the proper dispersion of spray.
  • Turn dials, handwheels, valves, or switches to regulate conveyor speeds, machine temperature, air pressure and circulation, and the flow or spray of coatings or paints.
  • Observe machine gauges and equipment operation to detect defects or deviations from standards, and make adjustments as necessary.
  • Perform test runs to ensure that equipment is set up properly.
  • Clean machines, related equipment, and work areas, using water, solvents and other cleaning aids.
  • Examine, measure, weigh, or test sample products to ensure conformance to specifications.
  • Thread or feed items or products through or around machine rollers and dryers.
  • Weigh or measure chemicals, coatings, or paints before adding them to machines.
  • Set up and operate machines to paint or coat products with such materials as silver and copper solution, rubber, paint, glaze, oil, or rustproofing materials.
  • Operate auxiliary machines or equipment used in coating or painting processes.
  • Remove materials, parts, or workpieces from painting or coating machines, using hand tools.
  • Record operational data on specified forms.
  • Prepare and apply stencils, computer-generated decals, or other decorative items to finished products.
  • Transfer completed items or products from machines to drying or storage areas, using handcarts, handtrucks, or cranes.
  • Start pumps to mix solutions and fill tanks.
  • Place items or products on feedracks, spindles, or reel strands to coat, paint, or spray them, using hands, hoists, or truck lifts.
  • Attach and align machine parts such as rollers, guides, brushes, and blades, using hand tools.
  • Paint small items and perform touch-up painting, using paint brushes.

Technology Skills

  • Data base user interface and query software - Data entry software
  • Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software - Materials requirement planning MRP software
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Time accounting software - Time recording software
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Abrasive discs - Abrasive disc wheels
  • Adjustable wrenches - Adjustable wrench sets
  • Atomizers - Rotary atomizers
  • Blow torch - Gas torches
  • Coating machines - Product coating machines
  • Compressed air gun - Compressed air systems
  • Forklifts - Wheeled forklifts
  • Gravity pump - Airless gravity pumps
  • Hand trucks or accessories - Handcarts
  • Hoists - Electric hoists
  • Paint application system - Electrostatic paint systems
  • Paint brushes - Specialized paint brushes
  • Paint mixers - Automated paint mixing equipment
  • Paint sprayers - Air-assisted spraying systems; High volume low pressure HVLP spray guns; Low volume high pressure LVHP sprayers; Paint spray guns (see all 5 examples)
  • Pallet trucks - Pallet jacks
  • Personal computers
  • Pressure or steam cleaners - Steam cleaners
  • Respirators - Protective respirators
  • Sand blasting machine - Sand blasters
  • Slip joint pliers
  • Thermal spray machine - Thermal spray systems
  • Vehicle lift - Trucklifts
  • Viscosimeters - Paint viscometers
  • Wire brushes - Wire cleaning brushes
  • Workshop cranes

Skills

  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Abilities

  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
  • Visual Color Discrimination - The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Extent Flexibility - The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Hearing Sensitivity - The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Rate Control - The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.

Interests

  • Interest code: RCI
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Work Context

  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls - 95% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 84% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable - 88% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 20% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets
  • Spend Time Standing
  • Time Pressure - 11% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment - 18% responded “Very important.”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 12% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures
  • Exposed to Contaminants
  • Work With Work Group or Team
  • Contact With Others
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions
  • Physical Proximity - 52% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 30% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 48% responded “40 hours.”
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body - 24% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 58% responded “Limited freedom.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 43% responded “Limited responsibility.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
57%High school diploma or equivalent
37%Less than high school diploma
4%Some college, no degree

Work Styles

  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Work Values

  • Support - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Relationships - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $16.26 hourly, $33,820 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 90,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Little or no change (-1% to 1%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 9,300

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