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Architectural and Engineering Managers
SOC Code: 11-9041.00

Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as architecture and engineering or research and development in these fields.

Sample of reported job titles: Chief Engineer, Civil Engineering Manager, Director of Engineering, Engineering Group Manager, Engineering Manager, Engineering Program Manager, Principal Engineer, Project Engineer, Project Engineering Manager, Project Manager

Tasks

  • Manage the coordination and overall integration of technical activities in architecture or engineering projects.
  • Direct, review, or approve project design changes.
  • Confer with management, production, or marketing staff to discuss project specifications or procedures.
  • Present and explain proposals, reports, or findings to clients.
  • Consult or negotiate with clients to prepare project specifications.
  • Prepare budgets, bids, or contracts.
  • Assess project feasibility by analyzing technology, resource needs, or market demand.
  • Direct recruitment, placement, and evaluation of architecture or engineering project staff.
  • Review, recommend, or approve contracts or cost estimates.
  • Develop or implement policies, standards, or procedures for engineering and technical work.
  • Plan or direct the installation, testing, operation, maintenance, or repair of facilities or equipment.
  • Perform administrative functions, such as reviewing or writing reports, approving expenditures, enforcing rules, or purchasing of materials or services.
  • Establish scientific or technical goals within broad outlines provided by top management.
  • Evaluate environmental regulations or social pressures related to environmental issues to inform strategic or operational decision-making.
  • Solicit project support by conferring with officials or providing information to the public.
  • Develop or implement programs to improve sustainability or reduce the environmental impacts of engineering or architecture activities or operations.
  • Evaluate the environmental impacts of engineering, architecture, or research and development activities.

Technology Skills

  • Access software - Citrix
  • Accounting software - Sage 50 Accounting
  • Analytical or scientific software - HEC-1; IBM SPSS Statistics ; Minitab ; The MathWorks MATLAB (see all 6 examples)
  • Application server software - Docker ; GitHub
  • Business intelligence and data analysis software - Qlik Tech QlikView
  • Calendar and scheduling software - Maintenance scheduling software; Scheduling software
  • Computer aided design CAD software - Autodesk AutoCAD ; Bentley MicroStation ; Dassault Systemes CATIA ; PTC Creo Parametric (see all 11 examples)
  • Computer aided manufacturing CAM software - Delcam PowerMILL; Geometric CAMWorks; Open Mind hyperMILL
  • Configuration management software - Chef ; Perforce Helix software ; Puppet
  • Content workflow software - Atlassian JIRA ; Workflow software
  • Data base management system software - Apache Hive ; Elasticsearch ; MongoDB ; Teradata Database (see all 11 examples)
  • Data base user interface and query software - AWS Redshift ; Data entry software ; Microsoft Access ; Structured query language SQL (see all 5 examples)
  • Development environment software - Apache Kafka ; Microsoft Visual Basic ; National Instruments LabVIEW ; Ruby (see all 8 examples)
  • Document management software - Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat Pro Extended; Adobe Systems Adobe LifeCycle ES
  • Electronic mail software - IBM Notes ; Microsoft Outlook
  • Enterprise application integration software - Extensible markup language XML
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software - Agile Product Lifecyle Management PLM; Microsoft Dynamics NAV; Oracle JD Edwards EnterpriseOne ; SAP (see all 5 examples)
  • Enterprise system management software - Splunk Enterprise
  • Expert system software - Ansible software
  • File versioning software - Git
  • Graphics or photo imaging software - Microsoft Visio ; Trimble SketchUp Pro
  • Industrial control software - RTA Fleet Management; Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA software
  • Internet browser software - Web browser software
  • Inventory management software
  • Map creation software - ESRI ArcGIS software ; ESRI ArcView; Geographic information system GIS software
  • Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software - LSA Visual Easy Lean
  • Network monitoring software - Wireshark
  • Network security and virtual private network VPN equipment software - Virtual private networking VPN software
  • Object or component oriented development software - C++ ; Oracle Java ; Python ; Swift (see all 8 examples)
  • Object oriented data base management software - PostgreSQL
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Operating system software - Bash ; Cisco Systems IOS; Linux ; UNIX (see all 6 examples)
  • Presentation software - Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Program testing software - Hewlett Packard LoadRunner
  • Project management software - Confluence ; Microsoft Project ; Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio Management ; The Gordian Group PROGEN Online (see all 5 examples)
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel
  • Time accounting software - Kronos Workforce Timekeeper
  • Transaction server software - Customer information control system CICS
  • Web platform development software - Backbone.js ; Django ; JavaScript ; PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor (see all 7 examples)
  • Word processing software - Microsoft Word

Tools Used

  • Desktop computers
  • Graphics tablets - Drawing tablets
  • Notebook computers
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers - Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Scanners
  • Tablet computers

Knowledge

  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

Skills

  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
  • Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
  • Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
  • Management of Financial Resources - Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
  • Management of Material Resources - Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.

Abilities

  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Mathematical Reasoning - The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
  • Originality - The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Number Facility - The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Speed of Closure - The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.

Interests

  • Interest code: ERI
    • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
    • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Work Context

  • Electronic Mail - 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Telephone - 99% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 91% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled - 88% responded “Every day.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 59% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 51% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week - 80% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team - 54% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results - 51% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Time Pressure - 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Contact With Others - 52% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 46% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Spend Time Sitting - 56% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others - 69% responded “Very important.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 36% responded “Every day.”
  • Letters and Memos - 55% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 39% responded “Important results.”
  • Deal With External Customers - 45% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations - 45% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Level of Competition - 53% responded “Moderately competitive.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety - 32% responded “High responsibility.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets - 37% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
57%Bachelor's degree
32%Master's degree
9%Post-baccalaureate certificate

Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Work Values

  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $66.21 hourly, $137,720 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 180,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Average (5% to 9%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 13,600

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