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Animal Breeders
SOC Code: 45-2021.00

Select and breed animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree.

Sample of reported job titles: Animal Technician, Artificial Insemination Technician (AI Technician), Artificial Inseminator, Breeder, Breeding Manager, Broodmare Foreman, Dog Breeder, Donor Manager, Large Herd Specialist, Stallion Manager

Tasks

  • Feed and water animals, and clean and disinfect pens, cages, yards, and hutches.
  • Observe animals in heat to detect approach of estrus and exercise animals to induce or hasten estrus, if necessary.
  • Treat minor injuries and ailments and contact veterinarians to obtain treatment for animals with serious illnesses or injuries.
  • Purchase and stock supplies of feed and medicines.
  • Select animals to be bred, and semen specimens to be used, according to knowledge of animals, genealogies, traits, and desired offspring characteristics.
  • Examine animals to detect symptoms of illness or injury.
  • Build hutches, pens, and fenced yards.
  • Record animal characteristics such as weights, growth patterns, and diets.
  • Brand, tattoo, or tag animals to allow animal identification.
  • Arrange for sale of animals and eggs to hospitals, research centers, pet shops, and food processing plants.
  • Place vaccines in drinking water, inject vaccines, or dust air with vaccine powder to protect animals from diseases.
  • Bathe and groom animals.
  • Exercise animals to keep them in healthy condition.
  • Adjust controls to maintain specific building temperatures required for animals' health and safety.
  • Maintain logs of semen specimens used and animals bred.
  • Inject prepared animal semen into female animals for breeding purposes, by inserting nozzle of syringe into vagina and depressing syringe plunger.
  • Prepare containers of semen for freezing and storage or shipment, placing them in dry ice or liquid nitrogen.
  • Clip or shear hair on animals.
  • Package and label semen to be used for artificial insemination, recording information such as the date, source, quality, and concentration.
  • Exhibit animals at shows.

Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software - Questionmark Perception; VSN International GenStat
  • Computer based training software - Respondus
  • Data base user interface and query software - Breedtrak; KinTraks; Reudink Software ZooEasy; Winners Programs BirdStud (see all 5 examples)
  • Electronic mail software - Email software
  • Internet browser software - Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Office suite software - Microsoft Office
  • Spreadsheet software - Microsoft Excel

Tools Used

  • Animal husbandry equipment - Animal pregnancy testing kits; Dehorners; Ovulation prediction monitors; Semen collection kits (see all 6 examples)
  • Animal watering machines - Automatic watering devices
  • Artificial inseminating machine - Horse breeding chutes
  • Benchtop centrifuges - Laboratory benchtop centrifuges
  • Binocular light compound microscopes - Laboratory binocular microscopes
  • Commercial water heaters - Submersible stock tank heaters
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA typing kits - DNA typing kits
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital cameras - Compact digital cameras
  • Dropping pipettes - Laboratory dropping pipettes
  • Feed mixers - Automated feed batch mixers
  • Forced air or mechanical convection general purpose incubators - Mechanical laboratory incubators
  • Hematology analyzers - Animal blood analyzers
  • Hydrometers - Densimeters; Sperm counters
  • Laser fax machine - Laser facsimile machines
  • Laser printers - Computer laser printers
  • Livestock identification equipment - Branding equipment; Ear tagging equipment; Microchip scanners; Tattoo equipment
  • Livestock restraint chute - Livestock restraint treatment stalls
  • Medical radiological shielding aprons or masks or drapes - Lead radiology aprons
  • Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use - External ultrasound units
  • Microscope stages - Stage warmers
  • Notebook computers - Laptop computers
  • Personal computers
  • Portable data input terminals - Handheld computers
  • Radio frequency transmitters or receivers - Birth alarms
  • Semen collection instrument - Artificial vaginas
  • Semen packaging instrument - Semen collection containers
  • Specialty plates for bacteria - Agar plates
  • Spectrometers - Spectroscopes
  • Storage tanks - Liquid nitrogen storage tank
  • Veterinary injection or suction units or accessories - Animal blood collection syringes; Animal vaccination syringes; Artificial insemination syringes; Lethal injection equipment
  • Water baths - Laboratory water baths

Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Sales and Marketing - Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

Skills

  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Abilities

  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.

Interests

  • Interest code: RI
    • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
    • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Work Context

  • Freedom to Make Decisions - 94% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work - 80% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather - 70% responded “Every day.”
  • Consequence of Error - 58% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Outdoors, Under Cover - 27% responded “Never.”
  • Telephone - 29% responded “Every day.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results - 35% responded “Very important results.”
  • Spend Time Standing - 38% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate - 32% responded “Important.”
  • Contact With Others - 38% responded “Occasional contact with others.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions - 35% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions - 37% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making - 31% responded “Never.”
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment - 42% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants - 34% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled - 22% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Level of Competition - 33% responded “Extremely competitive.”

Education

Percentage of RespondentsEducation Level Required
86%High school diploma or equivalent
6%Post-secondary certificate
4%Some college, no degree

Work Styles

  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Work Values

  • Independence - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Working Conditions - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
  • Achievement - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Wages & Trends

  • Median wages (2017)
    • $18.06 hourly, $37,560 annual
  • Employment (2016)
    • 9,000 employees
  • Projected growth (2016-2026)
    • Slower than average (2% to 4%)
  • Projected job openings (2016-2026)
    • 1,400

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